Effect of Feeding Different Levels of Luffa aegyptiaca Extracts on the Growth Performance of Broiler Chicken Fed Corn-Soya Meal Diet

Document Type: Review Article

Author

Department of Animal Nutrition, Sumitra Research Farm, Gujarat, India

10.33945/SAMI/IJABBR.2019.4.1

Abstract

This experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of feeding different levels of luffa aegyptiaca extracts (LAP) on the growth performance of broiler chicken fed corn-soya meal diet. The study was carried out between January to March, 2019. A total of two hundred day old broiler chicks of mixed sex (Ross 308) were allocated into four treatment groups, each group was further divided into five replicates each of ten (10) birds. The growth performance parameters measured are: initial body weight, final body weight, average weight gain, average feed intake, average water intake and mortality. Clean feed and water were provided ad libitum and the experiment lasted for 42 days. Treatment 1 contained 1.25 g/ litre of Oxyteracycline, treatment 2, 3 and 4 contained LAP at 10, 20 and 30ml/litre. There was a significant (p0.05) influenced by LAP and OXY. It was concluded that LAP could be orally administered up to 30 ml/litre to broiler chickens without any negative effect on the growth and health performance of the animal.

Keywords

Main Subjects


References

Adisa, RA, Oke, JM, Olomu, SA, Olorunsogo, OO. (2004). Inhibition of human hemoglobin glycosylation by flavonoid containing leaf extract of Cnestisferruginea. J. Cameroon Acad. Sci., 4:351-359.

Agbaje, G, Tayo, O, Chioma, G, Ajomale, K. (2007). Evaluation of yellow-rooted cassava varieties for differences in β-carotene and gross energy. J. Appl. Sci. Res., 3:946-948.

Akbarian, A, Golian, A, Kermanshahi, H, Akhavan, A, De Smet, S, Michiels, J. (2013). Effects of feeding citrus peel extracts on the growth performance, serum components and intestinal morphology of broiler exposed to high ambient temperature during the finishing phase. Livestock Sci., 157:490-497.

Alagbe Seyi, V, Ibi, A, Toge, C, Amuzie Uzo, F, Ftepti Benson, J, Raji B. (2017). Antimicrobial and phytochemical evaluation of L. cylindrica leaf extarcts. Biochem. Mole. Bio., 2(6):80-85.

Aletor, O, Oshodi, AA, Ipinmoroti, K. (2012). Chemical composition of some common leafy vegetables and functional properties of their leaf protein concentrate. Food Chem., 78:63-68.

Al-Mashhadani HE. (2015). Effects of dietary supplementation of turmeric on performance, carcass characteristics and bacterial count of broilers. Egypt. Poult. Sci., 35(1):25-39.

Andjelkovic, M, Van Camp, J, De Meulenaer, B, Depaemelaere, G, Socaciu, C, Verloo, M, Verhe, R. (2006). Iron-chelation properties of phenolic acids bearing catechol and galloyl groups. Food Chem., 98:23-31.

Asl, MN, Hosseinzadeh, H. (2008). Review of pharmacological effects of Glycyrrhizaspp and its bioactive compounds. Phytother. Res., 22:709-724.

A.O.A.C (2000). Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Official Methods of Analysis 19th Edition Washington, D.C pp69-77.

Benchaar, C, Mc Allister TA, Chouinard, PY. (2008). Digestion, ruminal fermentation, ciliate protozoal populations and milk production from dairy cows fed cinnamaldehyde, qubracho condensed tannin or Yucca schidigerasaponin extracts. J. Dairy Sci., 91:4765-4777.

Brown, L, Pentland, S. (2007). Male infertility-improving sperm quality Health infertility organization Vancouver, Canada: pp 87-101.

Budriesi, R, Loan, P, Micucci, E, Limongelli, V, Chiarini, A. (2006). Anti plasmodic effect of natural extract chestnut wood in guinea pig ileum and proximal colon smooth muscle. J. Med. Food, 13:1104-1110.

Chen JP, Yu SC, Hsu BR, Fu SH, Liu, HS (2002). Luffa sponge as a scaffold for the culture of human hepatocyte cell line. Biotech. Prog., 19:522-527.

Duncan, DB. (1955). Multiple Range and Multiple F-Test. Biometrics, 11:1-42.

Ebrahimi, A, AlawQotbi, AA, Seidavi A, Bojlul B. (2014). The effects of dietary supplementation of Citrus sinensis peel extract on the production and quality parameters of broiler chicken. J. Appl. Animal Res., 42(4):445-450.

Edeoga, HO, Okwa, DE, Mbaebie, BO. (2010). Phytochemical constituents of some Nigerian medicinal plants. African J. Biotechnol., 4(7):685-688.

Fahima, A, Ashif, R, Jajiratul, JP, Zahirul, K, Prashanta, KP. (2014). Methanolic extract of L. cylindrical fruits show Antihyperglycemic potential in Swiss Albino Mice. Adv. Nat. Appl. Sci., 8:62-65.

Farnsworth, AC. (2002). The role of ethanopharmacology drug development in plants. England Ciba. John Wiley and Sons, pp: 2-10.

Galeotti, F, Barile, P, Curir, M, Lanzotti V. (2008). Flavonoids from carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus) and their antifungal activity. Phytochem. Lett., 1:44.

Harbone, IB. (1973). A guide to modern techniques to plant analysis. Chapman and hall, New York, USA 2nd Edition.

Hassan, MA, Oyewale, AO, Amupitan, JO, Abdullahi, MS, Okonkwo, EM. (2004). Preliminary and antimicrobial investigation of crude extract of root bark of Deteriummicrocarpum. Nig. Jou. Chem. Sci., 29: 36-49.

Indumathy, R, Kumar, SD, Pallavi, K, Sashikala, DG, (2011). Antimicrobial activity of L. cyclindrica against some common pathogenic micro-organisms. Int. Jour. Pharm Sci. Drug. Res., 3:29-31.

Kamba, A, Hassan, LG. (2010). Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activities of Euphorbia balsamifera leaves stems and root against some pathogenic microorganisms. African J. Pharm. Pharmacol., 4(9):645-652.

Kang, B, Zhang, YJ, Li GZ. (1993). Chinese J Pracl Chinese Modern Med 6:227- 228

Kelechi, W, Yuji, M, Gunki, F. (1990). Isolation and partial characterization of three protein synthesis inhibitory proteins from seeds of L. cylindrica. Agric. Biol. Chem., 54:2085-2092.

Kirbag, S., Zengin, F and Kursat, M. (2009). Antimicrobial activities of extracts of some plants. Pakistan Jou. Bot. 4: 2067-2070.

Mankilik M, Mikailu A. (2014). Phytochemical content and antimicrobial activities of L. cylindrica leaves extract. Int. J. Res. Pharm. Bio., 1(1):1-4.

Mukai, K, Nagai, S, Ohara, K. (2005). Kinetic study of the quenching reaction of singlet oxygen by tea catechins in ethanol solution. Free Radical Biol. Med., 39:752-761.

Muthumani, P, Meera, R, Subin, M, Jenna, M, Devi, P. (2010). Phytochemical screening and anti –inflammatory bronchodilator and antimicrobial activities of the seeds of Luffa cylindrical. Res. J. Pharm. Biol. Chem. Sci., 1:11-22.

Ngbede, J, Yakubu, RA, Nyam DA. (2008). Phytochemical screening for active compound in Cananumscheinfurthic leaves from Jos North. Plateau State. Med. Res. J. Bio. Sci., 3(9):1076-1078.

Ng YM, Yang Y, Sze K H., Zhang, X, Zheng, XT. (2011). Structural characterization and anti-HIV -1 activities of arginine/glutamate-rich polypeptide Luffin P1 from the seeds of sponge gourd. J. Structural Bio., 174:164-172.

NRC, National Research Council (1994) Nutrient Requirement for Poultry (9th red) National Academy Press. Washington D. C, USA.

Odebiyi, A, Sofowora, AE. (1978). Phytochemical screening of Nigerian medicinal plant Part III. Lloydia, 41:234-246.

Okwu, DE. (2004). Phytochemical and vitamin content of indigenous species of South Eastern Nigeria. J. Sustain. Agricul. Environ., 6:30-34.

Okwu, DE, Ekeke, O. (2003). Phytochemical screening and mineral composition of chewing sticks in South Eastern Nigeria. Global J. Pure Appl. Sci., 9:235-238.

Orwa, C, Mutua, A, Kindt, R, Jamnadass, R, Anthony, S. (2009). Agro-forestry Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0. World Agro-forestry Centre, Kenya. pp 335-336.

Parkash, A, Ng, TB, Tso, WW. (2002). Isolation and characterization of Lufacylin a ribosome inactivating peptide with antifungal activity from L. cylindrica seeds. Peptides, 23:1019-1024.

Pal RK, Manoj J. (2011). Hepatoprot ective activity of aqueous and alcoholic extracts of L. cylindrica in rats. Ann. Bio. Res., 2:132-141.

Pandey M, Abidi, AB, Singh, RP. (2006). Nutritional evaluation of leafy vegetable. Paratha J. Hum. Ecol., 19(2):155–156.

Partap, S, Kumar, A, Sharma, NK, Jha, KK. (2012). Luffa cylindrica: An important medicinal plant. J. Nat. Prod. Plant Resour., 2:127-134.

Pourhossein, Z, Qotbi, AA, Seidavi, A. (2012). Investigation on the different levels of citrus peel extracts on gastro intestinal microbial population in commercial broilers. African J. Microbiol. Res., 6:6370-6378.

Redondo, L, Redondo, E, Diaz Carrasco J. (2016). Selected polyphenols as growth promoter. 2nd International Symposium on Alternatives to Antibiotics, OIE, Paris, 12-15.

Roble ND, Ogbonna, JC, Tanaka, H. (2002). A novel circulating loop bioreactor with cells immobilized in L. cylindricasponge for bioconversion of raw cassava starch into ethanol. Appl. Microbio. Bio., 60:671-678.

Schiavone, A, Tassoe, S, Guo, K, Perona, G, Gasco, L. (2006). Dietary administration of chestnut extract in chicken broilers. 12th European Poultry Conference. World Poultry Science Association, Verona, 10 -14.

Shakeri, A, Hazeri, N, Vlizadeh, J, Ghasemi, A, Tavellaei, F. (2012). Phytochemical screening antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of Anabasis aphylla extract. Kragujevac J. Sci., 34:71-78.

Singh, B, Bhat TK. (2003). Potential therapeutic application of some anti-nutritional plant secondary metabolites. J. Agric. Food Chem., 51:5579-5597

Taylor, K. (2005). Effects of egg storage time on spread of hatch, chick quality, and chick juvenile growth. Poult Sci., 82:736-741.

Taylor, L. (2005). Bitter melon: herbal properties and actions in: The healing power of rainforest herbs. Raintree Nutrition Inc. Squareone Publ. Inc. New-York, pp: 15. 

Uttu, AJ, Sallau, MS, Hamisu, I, Mubarak, BD, Abdullahi, YI. (2015). Phytochemical and antimicrobial screening of stem bark extracts from Glossonemaboveanum (Decne). Jou. Pharm. Phytochem., 4:86-88.

Vasconcelos, JT, Galyean, ML. (2008). ASAS Centennial Paper: contributions to understanding cattle metabolic and digestive disorders. J. Ani. Sci., 86:1711-1721.