Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Ph. D student on Agricultural Extension & Education Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

2 Full professor on Agricultural Extension & Education, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Objective: The main purpose of this research is review of principles, concepts, problems and solutions of soil ethic. Methods: In this research by descriptive method and Delphi technique was used for identifying soil ethical concepts, soil ethical principles, problems and difficulties of soil ethics in Iran and al around the world and suggestions for improvement of soil ethics in Iran. The population of this research are consist of panel of faculty members of Agricultural Research Center of Isfahan and faculty members of Industrial and Payamenoor Universities of Isfahan and managers of agricultural education and extension of Agricultural Organization of Isfahan (n=35) and was studied by census method. Results: According to results The most important soil ethical problem in all around the world is soil and water pollution, The most important problem of soil ethics in Iran is overuse of chemical inputs in agriculture, Water and soil's pollution by factories and etc., misuse of soil and water, lack of attention to the production of healthy and organic products and etc, The most important soil ethical principles are: Changes in attitudes and knowledge of producers in protecting soil resources, Use of organic and biological inputs and paying attention to the environment and finally According to the results, changing farmer's behaviors to give value for soil, increasing technical knowledge and producer's skills for optimal use of water and soil, emphasizing on religious issues about soil and etc. are the best suggestions for solving the soil problems.

Keywords

Main Subjects

Baghaei Mosayeb, Chizari Mohammad, Baghbani Aarani Abolfazl and Nahavand Saeed Fe'ely. A Practical Guide to Promote Rangeland and Watershed, Tehran, Arghanoon Pub: 2012.
Khazaei, Zahra. Applied Ethics: Entity, Methods and Challenges, Philosophic and Theological Studies, pp:175- 204,2006
Aabedi Sorestani, a.V shahvali, M.. The Role of Agricultural Extension in Promoting Environmental Ethics Farmers. Ethical journal in Science and
Technology, fourth year, Num.1 and 2; pp 120-130, 2009
Aagheli Kohneshahri Lotfali and Sadeghi Hossein. The Estimation of Economic Impact of Soil Erosion. Economic Studies Journal, Num 15, pp 87-100, 2005
Azizi Khalkhili Taher, Bakhsh Jahromi Arman and Bijani Masoud. Farmer's behavior in Soil Conservation and Mass Media and Communication Media's Role, Science of agricultural education and extensional sciences of Iran,
volume 7 Num 2, pp 51-61, 2010
Fe'eli Nahavand Saeed, Mirzaei Arezo, Baghaei Mosayeb and Bandarian Noshin. Factors Affecting on Knowledge of Farmer in Shahreza in Principles of Soil Sampling Area.
Journal of education and extension of agricultural sciences, third year, Num 2, summer pp: 95-108, 2010
Planning and Economic Studies Institution. Understanding the Current Situation and Resources:  of Soil Comprehensive Bill. First volume,
Ministry of Agriculture: 2010.
Apotheker, H. Is agriculture in need of ethics? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, (12), p: 9-16. 2000
Beauchamp T. L. The Nature of applied Ethics: A Companion to applied Ethics , R. G. (Raymond Gillespie) Frey, Christopher Heath Wellman , ( New York, oxford,) pp. 1- 33. 2003
Bedau, H. A. Applied Ethics, the Encyclopedia of Ethics, ed. Becker, vol.1, pp.81-4, 2004 Britannica: p.s. Ethics, the new Encyclopedia Britannica,
Vol. 18, 15th ed, Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 1993, p: 492-521. 1993
Copp, D. the oxford handbook of Ethical Theory. Oxford university press, 2006.
Dallmeyer, D. G. Incorporating environmental ethics into ecosystem-based management. 6th Marine Law symposium, Bristol, Rhode Island, 19-20 October. 2006
FAO. Land degradation in south Asia. Available in www.FAO.org , 2002
FAO. The Ethical Issues in Fishers. Pub in Rome, 2005.
Nesheim, N. Use management practices to protect ground
water from agricultural pesticides.www.general.uwa.edu.au/u/dpannell/dpap99 01f.htm. 2003
Thompson, P. B. Food and agricultural biotechnology:
Incorporating ethical considerations.www.agriculture.purdue.edu/agbiotech/
Thompsonpaper/Thompson3.html. 2001.