From the past to the present time, in all civilizations and countries, urbanization is considered the most striking evolution of human societies. With the advent of the industrial revolution and the rapid expansion of cities, societies were faced with numerous problems. One of the most significant problems is Extreme centralization in one city or more and fragmentation of urban hierarchical system in most countries. Due to overcrowding in large cities and its related problems and exorbitant costs to build new cities in Iran and failure to success completely, as well as strengthening satellite cities, which in the long run leads to centralization and overpressure on the mother cities, one of the best ideas for decentralization and development in all regions of the country and strengthening a regular urban grid is to create urban villages. From this perspective, the general aim of this research is to elucidate the role of urban villages in rural development.