Document Type: Original Article

Author

Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran.

10.18869/IJABBR.2015.391

Abstract

This study was conducted to assay the use of Saturejahortensis L. (savory) essential oil in the drinking water on broiler production and blood glucose, uric acid, creatinin and cholesterol. Four hundred and twenty day old broiler chickens (Ross 308) was used in a completely randomized design with 6 treatments and 5 replicate. Experimental treatments included: 1) control, 2) Tween (a solvent for dissolving savory essential oil in it and then in water) to the amount of 1000 ppm and 100, 200, 300, 400ppm savory essential oil were mixed in tween in drinking water for broiler chickens during the growth period, respectively for other 4 treatments.The results show that adding savory essential oil to the drinking water of broiler chickens at ages 1 to 42 days makes a significant decrease in live weight and feed intake by broiler chickens compared with the control group (P<0.05). Treatments had no effects on blood biochemical parameters of glucose, creatinine, uric acid and cholesterol. Based on the results of this investigation it seems that savory essential oil in drinking water had negative effects on broiler production.

Keywords

Main Subjects

Al- Kassie, G.A.M., 2008. The effect of anise and rosemary on broiler performance. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 7, 243-245.
Bölükbaşi, Ş.C., Erhan, M.K., Özkan, A., 2006. Effect of dietary thyme oil and vitamin E on growth, lipid oxidation, meat fatty acid composition and serum lipoproteins of broilers. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci., 36, 189-196.
Choct, M., 2001. Alternative to in-feed antibiotic in monogastric animal industry. American Soybean Association (Technical bulletin), 30, 15-23.
Christaki, E., Florou-Paneri, P., Giannenas, I., Papazahariadou, M., Botsoglou, N.A., Andspais, A.B., 2004. Effect of a mixture of herbal extracts on broiler chickens infected with Eimeriatenella. Anim Res. 53, 137-144.
Cross, D.E., Mcdevitt, R.M., Hillman, K., Acamovic, T., 2007. The effect of herbs and their associated essential oils on performance, dietary digestibility and gut microflora in chickens from 7 to 28 days of age. Br. Poult. Sci.,
48, 496-506.
Denli, M., Okan, F., Uluocak, A.N., 2004. Effect of dietary supplementation ofherb essential oils on growth performance, carcass and intestinal characteristics ofquail (Coturnixcoturnix japonica). S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci., 34,
174-179.
Dibner, J.J., Richards, J.D., 2005. Antibiotic growth promoters in agriculture: History and mode of action. Poult. Sci. 84, 634- 643.
Doyle, M.E., 2001. Alternatives to antibiotic use for growth promotion in animal husbandry. Food Research Institute, University of Wisconsin–Madison.
Ebrahimi, A., AlawQotbi, A.A., Zohreh, P., 2013. The effect of different levels of savory (Saturejahortensis L.) on blood parameters and gastrointestinal microbial population of broiler chickens. Ann. Bio. Res., 4, 332-336.
Ghalamkari, G., Toghyani, M., Tavalaeian, E., Landy, N., Ghalamkari, Z., Radnezhad, H., 2011. Efficiency of different levels of Saturejahortensis L. (Savory) in comparison with an antibiotic growth promoter on performance,
carcass traits, immune responses and serum biochemical parameters in broiler chickens. Afr. J. Biotech., 10, 13318-13323.
Jang, I.S., Ko, Y.H., Kang S.Y., Lee, C.Y., 2007. Effect of a commercial essential oil on growth performance, digestive enzyme activity and intestinal microflora population in broiler chickens. Anim. Feed. Sci. Tech., 134, 304-315.
Khosravinia, H., Ghasemi, Sand, Rafiei Alavi, E., 2013. The effect of savory (Saturejakhuzistanica) essential oils on performance, liver and kidney functions in broiler chickens. J. Anim. Feed. Sci., 22, 50–55.
Lee, K.W., Everts, H., Beynen, A.C., 2004a. Essential oils in broiler nutrition. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 3, 738-752.
Lee, K.W., Everts, H., Kappert, H.J., Frehner, M., Losa, R., Beynen, A.C., 2004b. Effects of dietary essential oil components on growth performance, digestive enzymes and lipid metabolism in female broiler chickens. Int.
J. Poult. Sci., 3, 738-752.
Lee, K.W., Everts, H., Kappert, H.J., Yeom, K.H., Beynen, A.C., 2003a. Dietary carvacrol lowers body weight gain but improves feed conversion in female broiler Chickens. J. Appl. Poult. Res., 12, 394–399.
Lee, K.W., Everts, H., Lankhorst, E., Kappert, H.J., Beynen, A.C., 2003b. Addition of β-ionone to the diet fails to affect growth performance in female broiler chickens. Anim. Sci., 106, 219–223.
Razzaghi-Abyaneh, M., Shams-Ghahfarokhi, M., Yoshinari, T., Rezaee, M.B., Jaimand, K., Nagasawa, H., Sakuda, S., 2008. Inhibitory effects of Saturejahortensis L. essential oil on growth and aflatoxin production by
Aspergillusparasiticus. Int. J. Food. Microbiol.,123, 228-33 Abs.
SAS software, 2008. SAS User's Guide: Statistics, Version 9.2,SAS Institute, North Carolina, USA.
Vosough-Ghanbari, S.R., Rahimi, S., Kharabaf, S., Zeinali, A., Mohammadirad, S., Amini, N., Yasa, A., Salehnia, T., Toliat, S., Nikfar, B., Larijani, B., Abdollahi, M., 2010. Effects of Saturejakhuzestanica on serum glucose, lipids
and markers of oxidative stress in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a double-blind randomized controlled trial. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 7, 465-470.
Zamanimoghaddam, A.K., Ghannadi, A.R., Gafarian, A., Shojadoost, B., 2007. The effect of Saturijahortensis on performance of broiler chickens and NDHI titers. In CD of proceeding for 16th European Symposium on
Poultry Nutrition. August 26 - 30, Strasbourg , France.