Document Type : Original Article

Authors

Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Gombe State University, Gombe, Nigeria

10.22034/ijabbr.2022.548976.1382

Abstract

Malaria infection, particularly during pregnancy, is a major public health concern in Nigeria, and there is a scarcity of data on the prevalence and scope of the disease in many areas, particularly in remote villages that lack basic infrastructure and adequate health facilities for treating and managing the disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of malaria infection among pregnant women in some selected villages (Boltongo, Danaji, Kwadon, Liji, and Wajari) of Yamaltu-Deba Local Government Area of Gombe State, Nigeria. The study involved 384 consented pregnant women attending antenatal at Kwadon primary health clinic were enrolled in the study at the Kwadon primary health facility. The subject's venus blood was collected using vein puncture techniques and analyzed microscopically using the Giemsa staining technique. Plasmodium falciparum-malaria was detected on the prepared slide using a microcope with x100 objective lens. Malaria was found in 81 (21.09%) of the 384 blood samples collected, with the highest prevalence documented from Wajari village. Malaria infection was not statistically linked with the respondents' village (x2=5.847, df= 4, P> 0.05). Malaria prevalence in relation to age found that older pregnant women aged 40-45 years old had the greatest prevalence of 2(40.00%), while those aged 36-40years old had the lowest prevalence of 36.0%. Malaria infection was not statistically associated with the subject's age (x2=4.816, df=6, P>0.05). Pregnant women in their first trimester and multigravidae had the greatest prevalence rates of 02(28.57%) and 63(29.57%), respectively. statistically there was no significant link between the pregnant women's trimester (x2=0.355, df=2, P>0.05) and gravidty (x2=1.825, df=2, P>0.05). Yamaltu-Deba L.G.A. recorded a moderate level of malaria infection. A malaria prevention awareness campaign should be carried out in the Local Government, with special attention paid to pregnant women, in order to break the malaria transmission chain and drastically reduce the rate of malaria transmission and infection among pregnant women.

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