Document Type: Original Article

Author

Young Researchers Club, Islamic Azad University, Jiroft Branch, Jiroft, Iran

Abstract

Field trials with Dizigotheeca elegantissima were conducted at the experimental farm of Faculty of Agriculture, Azad University  Jiroft  in growth seasons of 2012 year. The aim of this work was to study the effect of foliar application of gibberellic acid [GA3] and benzyladenine [BA] at 0, 50, 100 and 150 mgL-1 on the vegetative growth and Photosynthetic pigments of D. elegantissima plants. Most of the vegetative growth characteristices like plant heights, number of leaves/plant, chlorophylle index and Photosynthetic pigments were significantly affected by application of the two factors which were used in this study. All foliar applications of BA and GA3 separately promoted all the afore mentioned characters in this study, as well as Photosynthetic pigments i.e. Chl. [a and b], totol and sum pigments compared with control plants. The highest recorded data were obtained in plants treated with 200 mgL-1 GA3+200 mgL-1 BA for plant height, number of leaves/plant and chlorophylle index, except with 200 mgL-1 GA3+100 mgL-1 BA which gave the highest leaf area

Keywords

Aggarwal, K.K., and Sachar, R.C (1995). Gibberellin stimulates synthesis of a protein kinase in dwarf pea epicotyls. Photochemistry. 40(2): 383-387.

Arteca, R.N (1996). Plant growth substances:principles andapplication . chapman and hall,N ew York,USA, pp: 132.

Baninasab, B and Rahemi, M (1994). Effect of gibberellic acid on the growth of pistachio seedlings. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 29 (1): 32-45.

Bedour, H., Abou-Leila, M.S and Abdel-Hady, N.F (1994). Effect of foliar application of GA3 and Zn on Ocimum basillicum L. grown in different soil type. Egypt. J. Physiol. Sci., 18, 365-380.

 

Carey, D., Whipker,B., Mc-Call, I and Buhler, W (2008). Benzyl adenine foliar sprays increase offsets in Sempervivum and Echeveria. J Hort Sci, 53, 19-21.

Eraki, M.A., Mazrou, M.M and Afify, M.M (1993). Influence of kinetin and indole3-acetic acid (IAA) on the growth, drug yield and essential oil content of Salvia officinalis L. plant. Zagazig Journal. Agriculture. Research. 20, 1233-1239.

Eraki,  M.A (1994). The effect of gibberellic application and chelated iron nutrition on the growth and flowering of Queen Elizabeth rose plants. The first Conf. of Ornamental Hort. 2, 436-444.

Eraki, M.A (1994b). Effect of benzyladenine (BA) application on the growth, fruit yield and some chemical constituents of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. plants. Minofiya J. Agric. Res., 2, 623-637.

El-Sayed, A.A., Salem, M.A and El-Maadawy, E.I (1989). Effect of gibberellic acid (GA3) and benzyladenine (BA) on Polianthus tuberosa L.J. Agric. Res. TantaUniv., 15, 301-311.

Fox, J.E  and Weis, J.S (1965). Transport of the kinin, N6-benzyladenine: Non-polar or polar? Nature. 206: 678-679.

Hassan, E.A and El-Quesni, F.M (1989). Application of growth regulators in agriculture. A cytokinin-induced new morphogenetic phenomena in carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L). Bull. Fac. Agric, Cairo Univ., 40, 187-196.

Hassanein, M.A (1985). Effect of some growth regulators and potassium feritilizers on growth, yield and essential oil production of geranium plants (Pelargonium graveolens L). M. Sc. Thesis, Fac. Agric, Cairo University.

Hamano, M., Yamato, Y., Ymazaki H and Miura, H  (2002). Endogenus gibberellins and their effects on flowering and stem elongation in cabbage (Brassica oleracea var.capitata). Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology. 77(2):220-225.

Henny, R.J and Fooshee, W.C (1990a). Thidiazuron stimulates basal bud and shoot formation in Alocasia X Chantrieri Andre. HortScience. 25 (1): 124.

Henny, R.J and Fooshee, W.C (1990b). Use of Thidiazuron in attempt to stimulate basal branching of Monstera siltepecana. In CFREC-Apopka Research Report RH-90-24.

Janowsk, B and Jerzy, M (2003). Effect of gibberrelic acid on post harvest leaf longevity of Zantedeschia elliottiana. Journal of Fruit and Ornamental pland Research. 11: 69-76

Lester, D.C., Carter, O.G., Kelleher, F.M  and Laing, D.R (2002), The effect of gibberellic acid on apparent photosynthesis and dark respiration of simulated swards of pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. Australian jurnal of Agriculture Research, 23:205-213.                                             

Leshem, Y. 1973. The molecular and hormonal basis of plant growth regulation. Department of life Science. Bar- Ilon University Ramat-GAn. Israel. 159p.

Lichtenthaler, H.K (1987). Chlorophylls and carotenoids: Pigments of photosynthetic biomembranes. Methods of Enzymology 148: 350-380.

Mazrou, M.M (1992). The growth and tropane alkaloids distribution on the different organs of Datura Innoxia Mill. plant on relation to benzyl adenine (BA) application. Monofiya Journal. Agriculture Research. 17, 1971-1983.

Mazrou, M.M., Afify M.M., El-Kholy, S.A and Morsy, G.A (1994). Physiological studies on Ocimum basillicum plant. I. Influence of kinetin application on the growth and essential oil content. Menofiya Journal. Agriculture Research. 19, 421-434.

Mansour  F.A., El-Shahaby, O.A., Mostafa H.A.M., Gaber A.M and Ramadan A.A (1994). Effect of Benzyladenine on growth, pigments and productivity of soybean plant. Egypt Journal  Physiology Science. 18, 245-364.

Majidian N., Nadari, A and Majidian, M (2012). The Effect of Four Levels of GA3 and BA on The Quantitative and Qualitative Characteristics of Zantedeschia aethiopica cv. Childsiana Pot Plant. 25(4), 361-368.

Menesi, F.A., Nofal, E.M.S and El-Mahrouk, E.M (1991). Effect of some growth regulators on Calendula officinalis ~L. Egypt. J. Applied Sci., 6, 1-15.

Maroto, J.V., Miguel, A., Lopez-Galarza, S., Bautista, A.S., Pascual, B., Alagarda, J and Guardiola, J.L (2005). Parthenocarpic fruit set in triploid watermelon induced by CPPU and 2,4-D applications. Plant Growth Regulation. 45: 209-213.

Mynett, K, Startek, L., Zurawik, P., and Ploszaj, B (2001). The Effect of Gibrescol and Flordimex on The Emergence and Growth of Freesia Rocz. AR w Poznaniu CCCXXXII, Ogrodn. 33: 103-110 (In Polish).

Shedeed, M.R., Gamassy, K.M., Hashim, M.E and Almulla, A.M.N (1991). Effect of fulifirtil fertilization and growth regulators on the vegetative growth of croton plants. Annals Agric. Sci., Ain. Shams Univ., Cairo. 36: 209-216.        

Shudok,  K (1994). Chemistry of Phyenylurea Cytokinins. In Cytokinins: Chemistry, activity and function.

Stuart, D.I and Jones, R.L (1977). Roles of extensibility and trugor in gibberellin-and dark-stimulated growth. Plant Physiolgy. 59: 61-68.

Whitman, C.M., Heins, R.D., Moe, R and Funnell, K.A (2001). GA4+7 plus benzyladenine reduce foliar chlorosis of Lilium longiflorum. Scientia Horticulturae. 89:143-154.

Yaghoubi, L., Hatamzadeh, A and Bakhshi, A (2013). Effect of gibberellic acid and matel jasmonat on Growth and Photosynthetic pigments of Bellis perennis Plants. Proceedings 8red Congree Sciences Horticulture hemadan Branch, Ab Ali Sina university, Iran. pp: 3100-3096.        

Zieslin, N and Tsujita, M.J (1988). Regulation of stem elongation of lilies by temperature and the effect of gibberellin. Scientia Horticulturae. 37(1-2): 165-169.

Zhu, X.R and Matsumoto, K (1987). Absorption and translocation of 6-benzylamino purine in satsuma (Citrus unshiu Marc.) trees. Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science. 56 (2): 159-165.