Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Ph.D Student, Urban Climate, Kharazmi University, Iran

2 Faculty Member at Islamic Azad University of Saghez, Saghez, Iran

3 Master of Urban planning, Islamic Azad University, Najaf abad, Isfahan, Iran

4 Coach of University of Saghez, Saghez, Iran

Abstract

Sustainable architecture is known as an important strategy in recent years and all around the world are cooperating to achieve this by use of natural elements. There are many examples of residential buildings in Iran s past and its traditional architecture that the architecture in the interim of paying attention to aesthetic issues and preserving the natural environment acts in a way that meets the needs of the climate of each region. In Iran, due to having four different climate, hot and humid, hot and dry, mild, wet and cold, Different architectures (especially in aboriginal housing design) created in harmony with the climate that in such spaces, employing native materials that are least harmful to environment and to reduce energy consumption by using local materials, lead to enhancing environmental sustainability and sustainable buildings. Thereby in this research, try to consider Iran s native architecture in hot and dry and mild and wet climate due to environmental sustainability and saving energy consumption and briefly evaluated disadvantages of new architecture in these two climates in cases such as use of materials inconsistent with local conditions, improper building design, lack of energy saving and environmental degradation.Finally,we  draw to conclusion and provide guidelines on energy efficiency in buildings paying attention to the new technology.

Keywords