Document Type: Original Article


1 M. Sc. Graduate of Environmental Engineering, Department of Environment, University of Tehran, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Environment, University of Tehran, Iran

3 M. Sc. Student of Environmental Engineering, Department of Environment, University of Tehran, Iran


Sea shores of Gilan Province is one off the biggest tourist attractions in Iran. This area have valuable forests and grasslands. In addition it provides significant amount of corps like rice, tea, olive. Considering this facts, environmental protection of this area must be priority for national government. However waste management instruction have been ratified in Iran, there isn’t any specific rules for coastal areas. To obtain rules and instruction in coastal areas it’s necessary to study its current condition. This article describe this situation buy field study of this area. Next to that rules and directive of coastal areas in developed countries studied and main features of this instruction defined. At the last stage current situation of Gilan’s coastal line was studied and finally rules and instruction drafted. Results shows 466 tons of waste is generated in 12 cities of this Province, or 1.7kg of waste per capita in each day. Main consistence of waste are food waste, paper and plastic which include 66, 12 and 14 percent of waste respectively. This lead to chemical formula of C706H1120O360N16S1and C/N ratio of 44.homeless people and municipality workers separated large amount of waste to sell plastics, papers and glasses, but there is no managed separation. There are only two compost facilities and the rest of waste disposed in open dumps which cause several difficulties and environmental pollution.


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