Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Master student of Exercise physiology, Iran

2 Professor of Tehran university, Tehran, Iran

3 Master Student of Physical Education and Sports Science, Islamic Azad university, Boein Zahra, Iran

4 PhD Candideat of Corrective Exercise and Sport Injury of kharazmi university, Tehran, Iran

5 Master of Physical Education and Sports Science, Iran

Abstract

Performance of heart has substantial role in breaking records of sports. Achieving to optimal performance of endurance Training builds upon the consistency in several parts of body specially heart. Type, intensity, term training programs is determining components of providing structural consistency and performance of heart especially in left ventricular. Aim of this research was comparing structure of left ventricular of young Qazvin’s elite male basketball players and non-athletes. Sample of research included 15 athletes were selected randomly with mean age 21.87 years old and 15 non-athletes with mean of 25 year old. We used Echocardiography with two-dimensional and M-mode and measuring Simpson in order to investigate structure of left ventricular. Findings of the research were analyzed by independent samples t test. Results show that in all of variables include (LVPWS, LVPWD, LVM, LVESV, LVEDV, IVS, and IVSD) as indictors of left ventricular is significantly more than non-athletes and it might be due to effect of combined Sports. Thus, we recommend to instructors do echocardiography each year before heavy training programs in order to ensure about healthy heart of athletes and non-pathological heart and combined exercise more aerobic for improving capacity of ventricular, rapid recovery and following Cardio respiratory fitness in basketball training program.

Keywords

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