Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Biological Department of Kerman Ibn Sina Institute for Educational Research

2 Professional and Technical University - Shahid Chamran College of Kerman

3 Kerman Graduate University of Advanced Technology

Abstract

Aflatoxins are toxins which are usually produced by a kind of Aspergillus fungus named Flavus, Parasiticus, and Numius. There are 18 kinds of Aflatoxins have been discovered by scientists and Aflatoxin B1 is the most toxic and carcinogenic. Taking aflatoxins present in food causes lots of diseases like liver diseases, alcoholic liver, mutagenesis, and malformation in animals. It also has some other outcomes like weakness of immune system, decrease in growth, decrease in eating, decrease in lactation in cows and abortions. To reduce the aflatoxin in milk, there are different methods and in this paper have done that by iodine solution. Milk is the most perfect food that can be used by humans. This food consists of a complicated compound including fat, proteins, sugar, lactose, minerals, vitamins, and water. A significant amount of milk is water and it may be due to the iodine present in the water. Iodine is a radioactive element which existence in milk during production and storing causes some physical and chemical changes in milk and its components. This paper is carried out in two stages. In the first stage, the dose amount of absorbed Gama was measured during one day with a milk with aflatoxin impregnated with 1Bq/m3 iodine based on Nano rad  with MCNPX software. In the second  stage the Reduction of  aflatoxin M1 with adding radioactive iodine to milk was investigated

Keywords

Main Subjects

Amir,D.,Khani,M.,Zeighamian,M.,Rasti,M.,Ardekani,Ghofrani,R.,Amiri,S.(2010).On Yazd and Isfahan provinces’ aflatoxin M1 contamination .Electonic journal of preserving and processing food stuffs 3.
Ehsan,S., Ali,A.,Somayeh,B.,Mitra,M.(2010).evaluation of M1 aflatoxin amount in collected milk for Kermanshah pasteurized milk factories in 1389.Zahedan Medical Sciences Journal, in press.
Enb,A.,AbouDonia,M.,Abd-Rabou,N.,Abou-Arab,A.,El Senaity,M(2009).Chemical Composition of Raw Milk and Heavy Metals Behavior During Processing of Milk Products. Global Veterinaria. 3 (3): 268-
275.
Ersali,A., Behaddin,F.,Qasemi,R.(2009).Transmission of aflatoxin from feed to raw milk and pasteurized milk in Shiraz and suburbs Journal of Yazd Shahid Sadughi medical sciences and health care university 17(3)
Gholampoor,A.,Azizi,E.,Khosravi,A.,Hashemi,J.(2008).Comparison of Aflatoxin M1 level in animal rowmilk on zemestan and tabestan season in babol city milk.Persian. J Food sci 5(3): 332-342.
Gholi pour,M.,Karim zadeh,L.,Ali Nia,F.,Babaee,Z.(2012).Determination of Aflatoxin M1 in Mazandaran Province at the First Half of 1390. J Mazand Univ Med Sci 22(93): 40-46 (Persian).
Hazir,M.,Tahaee,N.,Rashidi,K.,Sheikhi,H.(2009).Study of aflatoxin M1 in row milk delivered to pasteurized milk company of Sanandaj Persian. J Med Sci Univ Kordestan 13(3): 44-50.
Jensen,R. (1995). Handbook of milk composition. New York, NY: Academic Press.
Kamkar,A.(2011).Detection of aflatoxin M1 in powdered milk samples by ELISA.Pajouhesh & Sazandegi .79:174-180.
Lindell,B.(1968)Ingested radon as a source of human radiation exposure. Proceedings ofInternational Congress on Radiation Protection, Rome.
lindmarkm,H.(2008)Fatty acids in bovine milk fat. Food Nutr. Res. 52.
Luinge ,H.,Hop,E.,Lutz,E.,Van,J.,Hemert,EAM.,De,J.(2005).Determination of the fat, protein and lactose content of milk using Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, Analytica Chimica Acta,
Mansourbahmani,M.,Heravi,A,Moussavi.,Vakili,A.,Rezaie,M.R.,Dehghan,H.R., Rezvan Najad, E.(2013).
Study of Existing Radon In Milk and Its Effect on Body Organs. Int J Adv Biol Biom Res. 1(8):802-812.
Mohammadi,S.,Ansari,M.(2012).Determination of M1 aflatoxin in pasteurized Kerman milk.Journal of Kerman medical sciences 16(3).
Mokhtarian-Dalooee,H.,Mohsenzadeh,M.(2005).Evaluation of aflatoxin M1 in pasteurized milk in Gonabad city. Persian. Ofogh-e- Danesh 11(3): 3-9.
Riazipour,M.,Tavakkoli,H.Razzaghi,R.,Raf’ati,H.,Sadr,M(2010).Measuring the amount of M1 Aflatoxin in pasteurized milks. Kowsar Medical Journal . 15(2): 89-93.