Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Doctor of veterinary medicine, Department of food hygiene, Veterinary faculty, Kazerun branch, Islamic azad university, Iran

2 Assistance Professor, Department of food hygiene, Veterinary faculty, Kazerun branch, Islamic azad university, Iran

Abstract

Chicory plant (Cichorium intybus) belongs to Asteraceae family and contains flavonoids. This research carried out in order to evaluate the effect of chicory plant on the activities of bifidobacterium bifidum and lactobacillus acidophilus. Four containers containing a liter of 1.5 % sterilized skim milk were selected as four group in order to produce milk containing probiotic bifidobacterium bifidum, then 0.33 gr starter of bifidobacterium bifidum added and after that 0 %, 0.03%, 0.06% and 0,09% the powder of Cichorium intybus were added. Samples were considered based on pH, acidity and microbes count. Sensory evaluation was done in fourteenth day. The questionnaire results were analyzed by SPSS software based on descriptive statistics. The viability of probiotic bacteria were considered based on direct count. Results showed the maximum activity of bacteria was recorded in fourteenth day so that when this value was increased, the acidity also was being increased. Consistency time of product was determined 21 days and also bacteria indicated significant progress on MRS agar

Keywords

Main Subjects

Abdel Rahman. R., Sara E., Gomaa Nader R., Abdelsalam Hossam El-Din. M.F., El-Wakil Ahmed. S., Khaled Horya M. (2013). Effect of Sodium Chloride on Tropane Alkaloids Accumulation and Proline content in Datura metel and D. stramonium callus cultures. International journal of Advanced Biological
and Biomedical Research (IJABBR) . 1(2):197-210 .
Asgari safdar. A.H., Daghigh Kia. H., Moghaddam.G, Khani. A.H., Alijani. S. (2013). Reproductive performance and blood metabolites concentration in Iranian Afshari ewes fed calcium salts of fatty acids (CSFA) in flushing period. International journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research (IJABBR) . 1(6):669-676.
Bayati Zadeh. J, Moradi kor. Z. (2013). Ruminal protein degradation and estimation of rumen microbial protein production. International journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research (IJABBR) . 1(8):914-921.

Ebrahimpour. M., Kiyani. V., Mohammadhasan. H. (2013). Investigation acute toxicity some of heavy metals at different water hardness. International journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research (IJABBR) . 1(2):134-142.
Ezzati kaklar. A., Moradi kor. N. (2013). The effects of psychological stress and other environmental factors on incidence of diseases. International journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research (IJABBR) . 1(8):899-903
Farkhonde. A. (1998). Test method of milk and dairy. Forth adition. Tehran University publishes. 266-270.
KhosraviDarani. K., Koshki, MR.(2008). Probiotics in the milk and dairy. Marzedaneshpublish, Firstadition, 243-244.
Mansourbahmani. M., Heravi Moussavi. A., Vakili.A., Rezaie. M.R., Dehghan. H.R., Rezvan Najad. E. (2013). Study of Existing Radon In Milk and Its Effect on Body Organs. International journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research (IJABBR) . 2013; 1(8):802-812.
Marhamatizadeh, MH., Kazeroonian, H. (2009). Study on honey yoghurt as the bearer of Probiotic bacteria’s Lactobacillus acidophilus. Doctors of Veterinary Medicine thesis Islamic Azad University.Number 689, Azad University of Kazerun.
Marhamatizadeh, MH., Rafatjoo, R., Farokhi. AR., Karmand. M., Rezaazade, S. (2009). The study of soya extracts on the growth of probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacerium bifidum bacteria in probiotic milk and yoghurt. Journal of Veterinary Pathobiology 1: 23-28.
Marhamatizadeh. MH., Mahmodi, M. (2009). Study on honey yoghurt as the bearer of Probiotic bacteria Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium bifidum. Doctors of Veterinary Medicine thesis Islamic
Azad University, Number 687, Islamic Azad University of Kazerun. Mortazavian. AM., Sohrabvandi, S. (2006). Probiotic and Probiotic foods. Ata publish. 213-264.
Nabinejad. A. (2013). Study on subclinical and clinical Marek’s disease (MD) in the broiler chickens using histopathology. International journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research (IJABBR) . 2013; 1(8):795-801.
Sadat hoseini. Z., rezaei. Z., dehghan. H.R., rezaie. M.R. (2013). Investigation of aflatoxin M1 reduction in milk by solution of radioactive iodine131. International journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research (IJABBR) . 1(8):904-909
Sarrela, M., Mogensen, G., Fonden, R., Sandholm. TM.(2000). Probiotic bacteria: safety, functional and technological properties. Journal of Biotechnology. 84: 197-215.
Sarrela. M., Mogensen .G., Fonden .R., Sandholm. TM. (2000). Probiotic bacteria: safety, functional and technological properties. Journal of Biotechnology, 84: 197-215.
Standard anistitue and industrial search of Iran. (1999). Sense Test of milk and dairy with graded method. Nutionalindasterial number 781p.
Standard anistitue and industrial search of Iran. (2006). Milk and dairy.Finding acidity and pH-Test method. Nutionalindasterial number 9985.
Ziemer. CJ., Gibson. GR. (1998). An overview of probiotics, orebiotics and synbiotics in the Functional food concept: perspectives and future strategies. Int. Dairy Journal, 8: 473-479.