Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 M.Sc. Student, Environmental Sciences Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University

2 Graduated of Environment from Shiraz University

3 Faculty of college of agriculture, Shiraz University

Abstract

Parishan Lake has been selected by UNESCO as a biosphere reserve and was recorded as an international wetland in Ramsar convention in 1986. This region is located (29°31'N 51°48'E) at 820 m in Kazeroon, Fars province, south of Iran and is the largest freshwater lake in the country. Parishan Lake is extremely important for a wide variety of wintering waterfowl and also for breeding waterfowl, especially in wet years. It fed by permanent springs and seasonal watercourses, lies in an enclosed drainage basin in a broad valley and is brackish to saline, the salinity varying widely with the size of the lake. Unfortunately at the moment time this important lake endangers. In this research plant diversity of Parishan Lake was observed. In this way, the list of floristic was provided and determined values and uses of its plants. The results showed there are 70 plant families and 217 plant species in the region. Based on the results of this research, it seems that without regard to laws and without seriously support by global communities, the extinction would be sure. However, the state of biosphere reserves in world and specially Iran has many problems and that main reason for its incorrect management

Keywords

Main Subjects

Abedi, Z., Mirjafari, S.S., Gerami, M.M. (2009). Determine the economic value of wetlands tends to Parishan the water conservation practices. the Second International Symposium on Environmental Engineering. (in Persian)
Abrsejy, Gh., Hosseini, S.A., Hosseini, H. (2008). Herbal province, Quarterly Scientific - Research of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 24(4): 494-472. (in Persian)
Akbarzadeh, A., Jaymand, K., Hemmati, A. (2009). Province and parts of plants used for their medicinal.
Research of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 26(3): 326-347. (in Persian)
Behruzi rad, B.(1998). The value of wetlands and the Ramsar Convention on their conservation. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 2: 24-34. (in Persian)
Butkin, D., Keler, E., (2003). Ecology Planet Earth Live Jihad, Mashhad University Press, 680 p. (in Persian)
Dolatkhahi, M., Yousefi, M. and Asri, J. (2009). Parishan and surrounding wetlands floristic studies in Fars province, Iran Journal of Biology, 1: 35-46.
Dolatkhahi.M, Yousefi.M, (2009). Study on the aquatic and semi-aquatic plants of Parishan international weatland in the fars province. Wetland, 1 (1):91-104.
Nezakati, R. (2009). Reports of threats to wetlands and their reform strategies with a special focus on Parishan wetland emissions, Depatment of Environmental, 52 p. (in Persian)
Mohajeri, S., Sadough, M.I. (2002). Arjan and Parishan reserve management plan, Vol 10, natural vegetation, DOE Publication 104, p. (in Persian)
Shaheen, A. H. (2009). Evaluate the capacity of the Parishan Lake is ecotourism. Master thesis of Social Sciences - Planning and Regional Development, Faculty of Social Sciences Allameh Tabatabai University. (in Persian)
Tabiei, O. (2009). Diversity of overwintering birds of Parishan as an international wetlands, National Conference on Human Environment and Sustainable Development. (in Persian)
Torabian, P. (2008). Measure acceptable levels of negative social impacts of visitors on local communities (rural settlements of the lagoon area of Parishan) Master of Science Thesis, University of Allameh Tabatabai. (in Persian)
Taghavi zade, R., Majd, A., Fallahian, F., Nazarian, H. and Mehrabian, S.(2009). Nectar and pollen characteristics of plants to attract bees at Sirachal Region, Tehran Province, the Natural Resources Research and Development,. 74:41-52. (in Persian)
Zargari, A. (1992). Medicinal Plants, Volume 1, Tehran University Press, 928 p. (in Persian)
Zargari, A. (1996). Medicinal Plants, Volume 1, Tehran University Press, 976 p. (in Persian)
Zargari, A. (1973). Medicinal Plants, Volume 1, Tehran University Press, 916 p. (in Persian)
Zargari, A. (1993). Medicinal Plants, Volume 1, Tehran University Press, 969 p. (in Persian)
Zargari, A. (1995). Medicinal Plants, Volume 1, Tehran University Press, 1010 p. (in Persian)
Ziaei.M, Torabian.P, (2011). The limits of social tourism acceptable changes in host society of Iran:

Parishan wethland as a case of study, geography. 8 (27):206-225. (in Persian)