Characterization of Mutations in the Rpob and Katg Gene of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Isolates From Pasteur Institute of Tehran
1. Characterization of Mutations in the Rpob and Katg Gene of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Isolates From Pasteur Institute of Tehran

Hamid Tebyanian; Hamze farhadian; Mohamad Reza Imen Shahidi; Mehdi Behdani

Volume 2, Issue 8 , Summer 2014, Pages 2161-2165

Abstract
  Objective: The Rifampicin resistance and susceptibility of Mycobacterium tuberculosis are caused by mutations in the 81-base pair region of the rpoB gene encoding the b-subunit of RNA ...  Read More
Original Article
Changes in Carbohydrates and Sugar Yield in Sugar Beet (Beta Vulgaris L.) Under Different Biofertilizers and Irrigation Closed Time
2. Changes in Carbohydrates and Sugar Yield in Sugar Beet (Beta Vulgaris L.) Under Different Biofertilizers and Irrigation Closed Time

Gholamreza Hashemi; Amin Farnia; Mehrdad Rahnamaeian; Morad Shaban

Volume 2, Issue 8 , Summer 2014, Pages 2350-2355

Abstract
  Objective: Many agronomic practices may need to be adjusted to maximize yield and quality of sugar beet. Thus agronomic package must be always modified. This sutdy was laid out for ...  Read More
Original Article
The Evaluation Status of Dairy Cows Nutrition Management in the Rural Areas of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari
3. The Evaluation Status of Dairy Cows Nutrition Management in the Rural Areas of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari

Mazaher Hashemi; Arash Hossein Mirzaei

Volume 2, Issue 8 , Summer 2014, Pages 2356-2360

Abstract
  Objective: This study carried out to monitor the status of nutritional management and measuring difference between present and desired feeding system in dairy cattle of rural conditions ...  Read More
Original Article
Investigation of Plants Purification Capability of Cu on Two Cultivars of Mung Bean Plants in Contaminated Soils
4. Investigation of Plants Purification Capability of Cu on Two Cultivars of Mung Bean Plants in Contaminated Soils

Mehdi Keshtegar; Hossein Akbari Moghaddam; Alireza Akbari Moghaddam; Farzaneh Yaghobi Amirabadi; Omid Poudineh

Volume 2, Issue 8 , Summer 2014, Pages 2361-2364

Abstract
  Objective: To study plants purification capability of  Cu on two cultivars of vetch plant (Vigna Radiata) in contaminated soils and their effects on morphological characteristics. ...  Read More
Original Article
Effect of Different Biofertilizers and Irrigation Closed Time on Some Agronomic Characteristics of Sugar Beet (Beta Vulgaris L.)
5. Effect of Different Biofertilizers and Irrigation Closed Time on Some Agronomic Characteristics of Sugar Beet (Beta Vulgaris L.)

Gholamreza Hashemi; Amin Farnia; Mehrdad Rahnamaeian; Morad Shaban

Volume 2, Issue 8 , Summer 2014, Pages 2375-2380

Abstract
  Objective: A field experiment was conducted at Dorud region, Iran, during 2013. The aim of this research  was study on effect of different biofertilizers and irrigation closed ...  Read More
Original Article
Effect of Seed Priming on Germination and Seedling Growth of the Caper (Capparis Spinosa) Under Drought Stress
6. Effect of Seed Priming on Germination and Seedling Growth of the Caper (Capparis Spinosa) Under Drought Stress

Mansour Heydariyan; Nasrallah Basirani; Majid Sharifi-Rad; Isa Khmmari; Shahnaz Rafat Poor

Volume 2, Issue 8 , Summer 2014, Pages 2381-2389

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the effect of chemical stimuli on germination and seedling growth of Caper (Capparis Spinosa) under drought stress. Methods: Factorial experiment in a completely ...  Read More
Original Article
The Effect of Doxycycline on the Viability of the Quail Embryo During Incubation Period
7. The Effect of Doxycycline on the Viability of the Quail Embryo During Incubation Period

Hadi Tavakkoli; Samaneh Noori Gooshki

Volume 2, Issue 8 , Summer 2014, Pages 2390-2394

Abstract
  Objective: In recent years, antibiotics have been used widely in the glob to prevent and treat bacterial diseases. They injected into eggs to eliminate pathogens and prevention of egg ...  Read More
Original Article
Bioaccumulation and Histopathological Alterations in Liver Caused by Endosulfan Toxicity in Oreochromis Niloticus
8. Bioaccumulation and Histopathological Alterations in Liver Caused by Endosulfan Toxicity in Oreochromis Niloticus

T.O. Ikpesupp; L.I.N. Ezemonye

Volume 2, Issue 8 , Summer 2014, Pages 2395-2404

Abstract
  Objective: The toxic effects of sublethal concentrations of endosulfan on Oreochromis niloticus was examined using bioaccumulation and histopathology studies of the liver as toxicological ...  Read More
Original Article
Molecular Typing by Polymerase Chain Reaction Sequence Specific Primers (PCR- SSP) of Human Leukocyte Class I and Class II Alleles in a Sample of Iraqi Visceral Leishmaniasis Patients
9. Molecular Typing by Polymerase Chain Reaction Sequence Specific Primers (PCR- SSP) of Human Leukocyte Class I and Class II Alleles in a Sample of Iraqi Visceral Leishmaniasis Patients

Nidal Abdul Mohymen; Abdullah M. Qader; Ali H. Ad’hiah

Volume 2, Issue 8 , Summer 2014, Pages 2412-2415

Abstract
  Objective: This study aimed to investigate the association between HLA alleles and visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in a sample of Iraqi patients. Methods: A total of 30 patients were studied, ...  Read More
Original Article
Water Quality Evaluation of Torghabeh River of Mashhad Using Combination of NSFWQI Index and Geographic Information System
10. Water Quality Evaluation of Torghabeh River of Mashhad Using Combination of NSFWQI Index and Geographic Information System

Akram Ghorbani; Mitra Mohammadi; Zohre Mohammadi

Volume 2, Issue 8 , Summer 2014, Pages 2416-2430

Abstract
  Objective: Mashhad metropolis as the second largest religioncity in the world and the second largest metropolis of Iran with an annual 3 million pilgrims have significant direct and ...  Read More
Review Article
Topoisomerase Inhibitors and Types of Them
11. Topoisomerase Inhibitors and Types of Them

Masoud Karimi Goftar; Narges Alizadeh Rayeni; Samira Rasouli

Volume 2, Issue 8 , Summer 2014, Pages 2431-2436

Abstract
  Objective: In this paper, we have introduced topoisomerase inhibitors, mechanism of action and types of them. DNA topoisomerases are ubiquitous enzymes that catalyze essential enzymes ...  Read More
Original Article
Effect of Manure Application on Reduced Nitrogen Fertilizer Consumptionin Potato Cv.Agria
12. Effect of Manure Application on Reduced Nitrogen Fertilizer Consumptionin Potato Cv.Agria

Farnoosh Jafari

Volume 2, Issue 8 , Summer 2014, Pages 2437-2440

Abstract
  Objective: An experiment was performed in Ardabil (2012) to investigate the effects of manure consumption in different amounts on reducing nitrogen fertilizer consumption in potato ...  Read More
Original Article
Anticonvulsant Activity of Aqueous Root Extract of Annona Senegalensis Pers
13. Anticonvulsant Activity of Aqueous Root Extract of Annona Senegalensis Pers

S.A. Igwe; N.N. Nwobodo

Volume 2, Issue 8 , Summer 2014, Pages 2441-2447

Abstract
  Objective: Annona senegalenesis Pers is a sprawling shrub belonging to the family Annonaceae, and is mainly used in ethnomedicine. The use of decoction of A. senegalenesis is very prominent ...  Read More
Original Article
Anticonvulsant Activity of Aqueous Extract of Root and Stem Bark of Newbouldia Laevis Seem
14. Anticonvulsant Activity of Aqueous Extract of Root and Stem Bark of Newbouldia Laevis Seem

N S.A. Igwe; N.N. Nwobodo

Volume 2, Issue 8 , Summer 2014, Pages 2448-2452

Abstract
  Objective: Newbouldia laevis Seem, is an ubiquitous perennial plant belonging to the family Bignoniaceae with varying applicability in ethnomedicine. Methods: The anticonvulsant effect ...  Read More
Original Article
Effects of Dietary Marshmallow (Althaea Officinalis L.) Extract on Growth Performance and Body Composition of Common Carp (Cyprinus Carpio)
15. Effects of Dietary Marshmallow (Althaea Officinalis L.) Extract on Growth Performance and Body Composition of Common Carp (Cyprinus Carpio)

Fahimeh Fallahpour; Mahdi Banaee; Narges Javadzade

Volume 2, Issue 8 , Summer 2014, Pages 2453-2460

Abstract
  Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of different proportions of marshmallow extract (Althaea officinalis L.) on growth performance and carcass composition ...  Read More
An Investigation on Measurement Means of Citrinin Toxin Quantity by Toxigenic Aspergillus Species in Biomass, Using ELISA
16. An Investigation on Measurement Means of Citrinin Toxin Quantity by Toxigenic Aspergillus Species in Biomass, Using ELISA

Pouya Nejati; Arash Chaychi Nosrati; Mansour Bayat; omid lakzaie azar

Volume 2, Issue 8 , Summer 2014, Pages 2466-2471

Abstract
  Objective: Citrinin is a mycotoxin produced by several species of the genera Aspergillus and Penicillium and occurs mainly in food products and animal feed. Some scientific reports ...  Read More
Effect of Anti Browning Agents on Partial Purified Polyphenol Oxidase of Hawthorn (Crataegus Spp
17. Effect of Anti Browning Agents on Partial Purified Polyphenol Oxidase of Hawthorn (Crataegus Spp

Shahriar Saeidian

Volume 2, Issue 8 , Summer 2014, Pages 2472-2482

Abstract
  Objective: Polyphenol oxidase or PPO (EC 1.14.18.1) is considered the enzyme responsible for quality deterioration and browning in different fruits during postharvest period. The objective ...  Read More
Growth Performance, Blood Metabolites and Jejunum Morphology of Broiler Chickens Fed Diets Containing Earthworm (Eisenia foetida) Meal as a Source of Protein
18. Growth Performance, Blood Metabolites and Jejunum Morphology of Broiler Chickens Fed Diets Containing Earthworm (Eisenia foetida) Meal as a Source of Protein

Vahid Rezaeipour; Omid Aghajan Nejad; Hadi Youseftabar Miri

Volume 2, Issue 8 , Summer 2014, Pages 2483-2494

Abstract
  Objective: The protein quality of earthworm meal was evaluated and compared to that of soybean meal (SBM) in two experiments using broiler chicks.  Methods: The protein quality ...  Read More
Growth Performance, Tibia Characteristics, Immune Response and Blood Metabolites of Broiler Chickens Fed Diets Containing Citrus Brown Snail (Caucasotachea Lencoranea) Powder as a Source of Calcium
19. Growth Performance, Tibia Characteristics, Immune Response and Blood Metabolites of Broiler Chickens Fed Diets Containing Citrus Brown Snail (Caucasotachea Lencoranea) Powder as a Source of Calcium

Vahid Rezaeipour; Aliakbar Pourkarim Arabi; Masomeh Norozi

Volume 2, Issue 8 , Summer 2014, Pages 2495-2504

Abstract
  Objective: An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of citrus brown snail powder as a source of calcium on growth performance, tibia characteristics, immune response and ...  Read More
Isolation, Identification and Growth’s Comparison f Mold Types In A Cake Factory Environment And Final Products
20. Isolation, Identification and Growth’s Comparison f Mold Types In A Cake Factory Environment And Final Products

Hassan Nakhchian; Farideh Tabatabaei yazdi; Seyed Ali Mortazavi; Mohebbat Mohebbi

Volume 2, Issue 8 , Summer 2014, Pages 2505-2517

Abstract
  Objective:Mold contamination of cakes and the possibility of mold growth can pose a serious health problem. Bakery products include various ingredients, which regularly contain molds. ...  Read More