Document Type : Review Article
1 Laboratory Medicine Department, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, 21955, Saudi Arabia
2 Glocal School of Pharmacy, Glocal University, Mirzapur Pole, Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a pandemic caused by a novel coronavirus. On 30 January 2020, the first case of the COVID-19 was reported in India and it affects the whole world. The impact of various nutrients on the human immune system. To defend itself, the human body has numerous components. The human immune system identifies molecules that are foreign to its structure and responds to them in a useful manner. When a pathogen factor enters the human body, the immune system responds by triggering an immunological response.
Methods: Symptoms of COVID-19 may vary from a mild cold to severe respiratory problems and fatality. The symptom may appear in 2 days or as long as 14 days after making contact with the COVID-19 patient.
Results: To avoiding contact with an infected person, regular hand washing, wearing a mask may help to prevent and control the COVID-19. There is no specific therapy available for COVID-19. The best way is to prevent infection is to avoid being exposed to the COVID-19. Nutrition is one of the numerous variables that influence immune system function. There is a link between the immune system and nutrition, and malnutrition should not be seen just as a calorie and protein shortage.
Conclusions: The body's defensive system should be reinforced to boost immunity, minimize illness risks, and maintain good health. Healthy eating, regular exercise, and an immunological diet, on the other hand, will be a more cost-effective and natural choice.Due to these reasons, the main aim of nourishment is not merely to gain energy andprotein, but to enhance resistance against ailments with some specific nutriment and to turn the inflammatory responsein someone’s best interests. The nutriments which show beneficial effects on the immune system are called immune nutrients and nourishment on these nutriments is called immune diet. The main fields of application of immune diet are patients undergoing surgery, traumatized, cancer, patients who need intensive care, and patients with serious infections.
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