Document Type : Original Article
Department of Nuclear Engineering, Faculty of Modern Sciences and Technologies, Graduate University of Advanced Technology, Kerman, Iran
Department of Molecular and Atomic Physics, Faculty of Modern Science and Technology, Graduate University of Advanced Technology, Kerman, Iran
Introduction: The charged particles emit electromagnet radiation due to the ionization and excitation of atoms while stopping in the environment. The energy spectrum and irradiation intensity depend on the type and the content of ingredients in the target and their thickness. Materials: The spectrum of the produced X-rays has been examined by placing layers made of metals and other materials as well as changing their thickness in front of the inlet window of the CsI(Tl) scintillation detector. The CsI(Tl) scintillation detector channels have been calibrated using the 60Co and are represented in terms of energy versuce MeV.
Results: Results revealed that iron with a thickness of 0.2 mm is the best candidate for producing X-rays. Besides, aluminum and paper are capable of producing X-rays with uniform distribution in the ranges of 0.383-2.357 MeV and 0.383-0.560 MeV, respectively.
Conclusion: Results show that the maximum X-ray radiation intensity with the energy of 383 keV is produced due to the stoppage of alpha particles in the iron sheet with a thickness of 0.2 mm. Plastic, aluminum, paper, copper, and lead with X-ray radiation (383 keV) with thicknesses of 0.1-0.4 mm are available, respectively.
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