Document Type : Review Article


1 Research Center for Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology, Biomedicine Institute, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

2 Research Centre of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran



Cancer -can significantly have ruining effects on very high of human beings, social, and economic condition. Gastrointestinal (GI) cancer has been reported as one of the most prevalent cancers and the incidence rates of this disorder is increasing across the world. This review explains practical recommendations for the management and improvement of patients with GI cancer by statins. Statins, a group of lipoproteins drugs, are used in medicine to treatment of lipid disorder, hypercholesterolemia reduction and cardiovascular risk. The exact mechanisms of anticancer activity of statins are still unknown. However, in some preclinical and epidemiological studies have reported them to have anticancer properties and therapeutic consequences for GI cancer based on preclinical evidence of their including antihypoxic processes, anti-invasive, induction of growth arrest and proapoptotic, radiosensitizing, angiogenesis and inhibition metastasis. The main objectives of this review paper are: 1. Explain the importance of sickness understanding and prognostic awareness in patients with cell proliferation, induction cell apoptosis, metastasis, angiogenesis, immunity and inflammatory GI cancers receiving statins groups. 2. Explain the importance of statins therapy in low- and middle- risk patients with GI cancers.


Main Subjects

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