Document Type : Original Article


1 M.Sc. Student of Agronomy, Department of Agronomy, University of Tabriz, Iran

2 Assocsiated Prof, Department of Plant Ecophysiology, University of Tabriz, Iran


Intercropping is considered for increasing and stability of yield per unit. In order to study the effects of different intercropping arrangements on sorghum and mungbean yield and to find the land use advantage in the intercropping system, an experiment was carried out based on a randomized complete block design with seven treatments and three replications at the Research Farm, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz in 2013. The treatments were as follows: sole cropping of sorghum, sole cropping of mung bean and five intercropping patterns of sorghum: mungbean with replacement ratios ((1:1), (2:1), (3:1), (1:2), (1:3)) respectively. The results showed that the maximum grain yield was obtained from both species in monoculture treatment. The highest intercropping advantage (3.22) was related to treatment (1:3). Also, the highest value of RYT was observed 1.36 in treatment (1:1). Land equivalent ratio (LER) in all evaluated treatments was more than one.Thus, according to economic evaluation indices, sorghum and mungbean intercropping was economically justified in comparison with their sole cropping in Tabriz.


Akter, N., Alim, A., Islam, M.M., Naher, Z., Rahman, M., & Iqbal Hossein, A.S.M. (2004). Evaluation of mixed and intercropping of lentil and wheat. Journal of Agronomy. 3: 48-51.
Allen, J.R., & Ebura, P.K. (1983).Yield of corn, cowpea and soybean under different intercropping systems. Agronomy Journal. 75: 1005-1009.                                                                       
Angadi, V.V., Hugar, A.Y., Basavaraj, B., & Nayakar, N.Y. (2004). Intercropping studies in kharif sorghum under rainfed condition. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 17(3): 444-447.
Anjum, M.S., Ahmed, Z.I., & Rauf, C.A.  (2006). Effect of Rhizobium inoculation and nitrogen fertilizer on yield and yield components of mungbean. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 8(2): 238-240.
Banik, P. (1996). Evaluation of wheat (Triticum aestivum) and legume intercropping under 1:1 and 2:1 row-replacement series systems. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 176:289-294.
Banik, P., Sasmal, T., Ghosal, P.K., & Bagchi, D.K. (2000). Evaluation of mustard (Brassica campestris var. toria) and legume intercropping under 1:1 and 2:1 row-replacement series systems. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 185:9-14.
Banik, P., Midya, A., Sarkar, B.K., & Ghose, S.S. (2006). Wheat and chickpea intercropping systems in additive series experiment: advantages and weed smothering. European Journal of Agronomy. 24: 325-333.
Banik, P., & Sharma, R.C. (2009). Yield and resource utilization efficiency in baby corn-legume-intercropping system in the Eastern plateau of India. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture. 33(4):379 - 395.
Bulson, H.A.J., Snaydon, R.W., & Stopes, C.E. (1997). Effects of plant density on intercropped wheat and field beans in an organic farming system. Journal Agricultural Science, Cambridge.128: 59-71.
Donald, C.M. (1963). Competition among crop and pasture plants. Advances in Agronomy. 15: 1-118.
El Naim, M., Ibrahim, I.M., Abdel Rahman, M.E., & Ibrahim, E.A. (2012). Evaluation of some local sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) Genotypes in Rain-Fed. International Journal of Plant Research. 2(1): 15-20.
Emam, Y. (2003). Cereal Production, Tehran University Press, Iran. (In Persian).
Gary, W., & Francies, A. (1999). Strip intercropping effects on yield and yield components of corn, grain sorghum and soybean. Agronomy Journa.191: 807 - 813.
Ghaderi, G.R., Gazanchian, A., & Yousefi, M. (2008). The forage production comparison of alfalfa and wheatgrass as affected by seeding rate on mixed and pure cropping. Iranian Journal of Range and Desert Research. 15(2):256-268.
Gruhn, P., Goletti, F., & Yudelman, M. (2000). Integrated nutrient management, soil fertility, and sustainable agriculture: current issues and future challenges. International Food Policy Research Institute Washington, D.C. U.S.A.
Harper, J.L. (1977). Population biology of plants. Academic Press, London, UK.
Koocheki, A., NassiriMahallati, M., Mondani, F., Feizi, H., & Amirmoradi, S. (2009). Evaluation of radiation interception and use by maize and bean intercropping canopy. Journal of Agroecology. 1: 13- 23.
Mandal, B.K., Saha, S., & Jana, T.K. (2000). Yield performance and complementarities of rice (Oryza sativa L.) with green gram (Phaleolus radiata) black gram (Phaseolus mungo) and pigeon pea (Cajanas cajan) under different rice legume associations. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 45: 41-47.
Manjith Kumar, B.R., Chidenand, M., Mansur, P.M., & Salimath, S.C. (2009).Influence of different row proportions on yield components and yield of rabi crops under different intercropping systems. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences.  22(5): 1087-1089.
Mansouri, L., Jamshidi, K.H., Rastgo, M., Saba, J., & Mansouri, H. (2013). The effect of additive intercropping maize(Zea Mays L.) and beans(Phaseolus vulgaris L.) on yield, yield components and control weeds in Zanjan climatic conditions. Iranian Journal of Field Crops Research. 11(3): 483-492.
Mazaheri, D. (1993). Intercropping. Jahadeh Daneshghahi Publisher. Tehran. 262 p. (In Persian).
Mead, R. (1986). Statistical methods for multiple cropping. In: Francis, C.A. (ed.), multiple cropping systems: (pp.317-350). MacMillan Publishing Company, New York.
 Nurbakhsh, F.,Koocheki, A., & Nassiri Mahallati, M. (2013). Evaluation of yield, yield components and different intercropping indices in mixed and row intercropping of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) and bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences. 5 (17): 1958-1965.
Rahimy, M.M., Mazaheri, D., Khodabandeh, N., & Heidari, H. (2003). Assessment of product in corn and soybean intercropping in Arsanjan region. Agricultural Science. 9: 109-126. (In Persian).
Rahimi Darabad, G., Aghighi Shahverdi kandi, M., Barmaki, M., Seyed Sharifi, R., Hokmalipour, S., & Asadi, SH. (2011).Evaluation of Yield and Yield Components In Potato-safflower Intercropping. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 5(11): 1423-1428.
Subramanian, V.B., & Rao, D.G. (1988). Intercropping effects and components of dryland sorghum, pigeonpea and mungbean. Tropical Agriculture. 65: 145-149.
TohidiNejad, A., Mazaheri, D., & Koochaki, A. (2004). Study of maize and sunflower intercropping. Pajouhesh and Sazandegi. 64: 39-45.
Vandermeer, F. (2004). The Ecology of Intercropping. Camb. Uni Press, New York, pp: 129.
Willey, R.W. (1979). Intercropping its importance and research needs, Part-2. Agron. and Res. Approaches. Field Crop Abstracts. 32: 73-85.