Document Type : Review Article


Dept. of Laboratory Science, Faculty of Paraveterinary Sciences, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran


Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by a malaria-like parasite called Leishmania in human and some species of animals. Detection of leishmaniasis has always been crucial for control and treatment of the disease. Different strategies have been approached for detection of leishmania. In this review methods used for detection of leishmania infection have been discussed and compared.


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The HIV-VL co-infection is characterized by a high fatality rate and frequent relapses, and cases play an important infectious reservoir (Alvar et al. 2008).
L. tropica was considered to be a strict anthroponosis, but several cases of canine infection have been described (Dereure et al. 1991a; Dereure et al. 1991b; Yahia et al. 2004).