Document Type : Review Article
Young researchers club, Boroujed branch, Islamic Azad University, Boroujerd, Iran
Seed deterioration is loss of seed quality, viability and vigor due to effect of adverse environmental factors. Many of our crops are reproduced through seeds, and throughout the world large quantities are produced, stored and transported. Seed ageing during storage may cause retardation of field establishment, and may eventually result in seedling abnormalities or even failure of emergence. During storage in gene banks, seed ageing may result in loss of genetic diversity. Extending and predicting the longevity of stored seeds is therefore highly relevant from a biodiversity as well as from an economic and social point of view. Seed rich in lipids has limited longevity due to its specific chemical composition. During storage of oily species declining trend of total oil content and seed germination can be observed. A fatty acid composition is the most important factor which determines oils susceptibility to oxidation Regardless of the problems which can be encountered due to the lack of space with favourable conditions, one must always keep in mind that seed is a living organism in which many biological processes, which can damage the seed and reduce its quality, take place, especially when the oily seed is in question
Bewley JD (1986) Membrane changes in seeds as related to germination and the perturbations resultingfrom deterioration in storage. In: McDonald MB, Nelson CJ, eds. Physiology of seed deterioration. Madison, Wisconsin, USA: CSSA Publishing, 27–45.
Beyranvand, H., Farnia, A., Nakhjavan, SH. and Shaban, M. 2013. Response of yield and yieldcomponents of maize (Zea mayz L.) to different bio fertilizers. International journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research. Volume 1, Issue 9: 1068-1077.
Cash TP, Pan Y, Simon MC (2007) Reactive oxygen species and cellular oxygen sensing. Free Radical Biology and Medicine 43, 1219–1225.
Esashi, Y., Zhang, M., Yoshioka, T., Sugiyama, O., Shinohara, A. and Kanizawa, T. (1993)
Endogenously evolving gases during seed storage and their effects on seed longevity. In Fourth International Workshop on Seeds: Basic and Applied Aspects of Seed Biology. Edited by Céme, D. and Corbineau, F. pp. 771–779. Pierre et Marie Curie University Press, Paris.
Frankel EN (2005) Lipid oxidation, 2nd edn. Bridgwater, UK: Oily Press.
Gay C, Corbineau F, Coˆme D (1991) Effects of temperature and oxygen on seed germination and seedling growth in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L). Environmental and Experimental Botany 31, 193– 200.
Hendry GAF (1993) Oxygen, free radical processes and seed longevity. Seed Science Research 3, 141–153.
Hsu CC, Chen CL, Chen JJ, Sung JM (2003). Accelerated aging-enhanced lipid peroxidation in bitter gourd seeds and effects of priming and hot water soaking treatments. Sci. Horticult. 98: 201–212.
Kiani, M, Farnia, A.,and Shaban, M. (2013). Changes of seed yield, seed protein and seed oil in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) under application of different bio fertilizers. International journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research. Volume 1, Issue 10: 1170-1178.
Kibinza S, Vinel D, Coˆme D, Bailly C, Corbineau F (2006) Sunflower seed deterioration as related to moisture content during ageing, energy metabolism and active oxygen species scavenging. Physiologia Plantarum 128, 496–506.
Laloi C, Apel K, Danon A (2004) Reactive oxygen signalling: the latest news. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 7, 323–328.
McDonald MB (1999) Seed deterioration: physiology, repair and assessment. Seed Science Technology 27, 177–237.
Murthy UMN, Sun WQ (2000) Protein modifcation by the Amadori and Maillard reactions during seed storage: roles of sugar hydrolysis and lipid peroxidation. Journal of Experimental Botany 51, 1221-1228.
Petruzzelli L, Taranto G (1984) Phospholipid changes in wheat embryos aged under different storage conditions. Journal of Experimental Botany 35, 517-520.
Priestley DA, Leopold AC (1983) Lipid changes during natural ageing of soybean seeds. Physiologia Plantarum 59, 467-470.
Priestley DA. 1986. Seed aging. Implications of seed storage and persistence in the soil. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Roberts, E.H. (1973) Predicting the storage life of seeds. Seed Sci. Technol. 1: 499–514.
Shaban, M. (2013a). Application of seed equilibrium moisture curves in agro physics. International journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research. Volume 1, Issue 9: 885-898.
Shaban, M. (2013b). Biochemical aspects of protein changes in seed physiology and germination.
International journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research. Volume 1, Issue 8: 885-898.
Sun WQ, Leopold AC (1995) The Maillard reaction and oxidative stress during ageing of soybean seeds. Physiologia Plantarum 94,94-105.
Vertucci, C.W. and Roos, E.E. (1990) Theoretical basis of protocols for seed storage. Plant Physiol. 94:1019–1023.
Walters C (2004) Temperature dependency of molecular mobility in preserved seeds. Biophys J 86:1253–1258
Walters C, Wheeler LM, Stanwood PC (2004) Longevity of cryogenically stored seeds. Cryobiology 48:229–244
Wettlaufer SH, Leopold AC (1991) Relevance of Amadori and Maillard products to seed deterioration. Plant Physiology 97, 165-169.
Williams RJ, Leopold AC (1989) The glassy state in corn embryos. Plant Physiology 89, 977-981.
Wilson DO, McDonald MB (1986). The lipid peroxidation model of seed aging. Seed Sci. Tech. 14: 269–300.
Zhang, M., Yajima, H., Umezawa, Y., Nakagawa, Y. and Esashi, Y. (1995a) GCMS identification of volatile compounds evolved by dry seeds in relation to storage conditions. Seed Sci. Technol. 23: 59–68.
Zhang, M., Yoshiyama, M., Nagashima, T., Nakagawa, Y., Yoshioka, T. and Esashi, Y. (1995b) Aging of soybean seeds in relation to metabolism at different relative humidities. Plant Cell Physiol. 36: 1189–1195.