Document Type : Original Article
1 Member of Scientific Panel, Faculty of kheradgerayan Motahar Institue of Higher Education of Mashhad, Iran
2 MSc Student of Environmental Education, Department of Science and Research, Islamic Azad of University of Tehran, Iran
Objective: Mashhad metropolis as the second largest religioncity in the world and the second largest metropolis of Iran with an annual 3 million pilgrims have significant direct and indirect effects on the watershed leading to the city and surrounding over the past four decades. There is no collection system and sanitation disposal network in towns and villages within the Torghabeh River. Methods: Therefore, in this study the qualitative changes of Torghabeh River from October 2011 to September 2012 at 8 stations during four seasons (autumn, winter, spring, summer) was investigated by sampling of surface waters and measurement of water quality parameters along the river. Data from this study were analyzed using NSFWQI Index and finally was zoning using GIS software. Results: The results showed that the best and worst quality is related to stations 1 and 8, respectively. Moreover, it was found that the autumn season with an average of 46 has the best quality among the studied seasons. However, the worst situation (bad quality) was related to winter season with an average of 39. Finally, it can be concluded that the water quality of Torghabeh River in its different parts is far from the desired level.
National Conference on Environmental Engineering, Tehran
Ftayy et al,(2010).Evaluation of river water quality suggest Hamadan religious judge based on water quality index (WQI), National Conference on
Water with the approach of the Clean Water, Power and Water University of Technology
Karimiyan A, Jafarzadeh A, Nabi Zadeh R, Afkhami M. ,(2006).Zonation of river quality by WQI index Venus River case study, International Journal of
Water Engineering. pp. 18-24
Mirzaei M, Nazari A., S. Hashemian.(2009).Comparison of analytical and
qualitative indicators Jajrud River, Madras Engineering Magazine, Issue 35, pp. 143-152
Hooshmand B,(2008).Zoning Karun River water quality status based on WQI index using GIS. Proceedings of the Second Conference on Environmental Engineering, Tehran
Samadi, A.(2009).Zonation of river water quality based on NSFWQI Hamadan religious judge and utilization of GIS. Journal of Hamadan University
of Medical Sciences and Health Services, 16- 38,53,53
Hosseinzadeh,R.,(2006).Comprehensive plan to reduce water pollution Torghabeh River, Directorate General for Environmental Protection
Fabiano dos Santos Simo es, Altair B. Moreira,Ma rcia Cristina Bisinoti, Sonia M. Nobre Gimenez.(2008).Maria Josefa Santos Yabe water
quality index as a simple indicator of aquaculture effects on aquatic bodies, ecologicalindicators. 8, 476 ñ 484
Simeonov,V.,Stratis,J.A.,Samara,C.,Zachariadis,G.Vo utsa,D,Anthemidis,A.Sofoniou,M.Kouimtzis,Th.(20 03). Assessment of the surface water quality in Northern Greece.Water Res,37, 4119ñ4124
Liou,S.M., Lo, S.L., Hu, C.Y.(2003). Application of two-stage fuzzy set theory to river quality evaluation in Taiwan. Water Res. 37, 1406ñ1416
House, M.A.Newsome, D.H.(1989).Water quality indices for the management of surface water quality. Water Sci. Technol. 21, 1137ñ1148.
Herna¥ndez- Romero, A.H., Tovilla-Herna¥ndez, C., Malo, E.A.,Bello-Mendoza, R.(2004).Water quality and presence of pesticides in a tropical coastal wetland in southern Mexico. Marine Poll. Bull. 48, 1130ñ1141
Jonnalagadda,S.B.,Mhere, G.(2001).Water quality of the Odzi river in the eastern highlands of Zimbabwe. Water Res. 35, 2371ñ2376
Banjaka D., J. Nikolic,(2012).Hydrochemical characteristics and water quality of the Musnica River catchment, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 57(3), 562-575
MirMoshtaghi, M.,(2012).Qualitative investigation of Sefid-rood river water and its zoning according to NSFWQI and OWQI. Journal of Wetlands. 9
NOORBAKHSH, J, et al (2014). An Evaluation of Water Quality from Siahrod River, Haraz River and Babolrood River by NSFWQI index, Current World Environment, Vol. 9(1), 59-64
Karami B, Dhumal KN, Golabi M, Jaafarzadeh N (2009). Optimization the relationship between Water Quality Index and chemical parameters of
water in Bamdezh Wetland, Iran. Journal of Applied Sciences. 9: 3900-3905.
Karami B, Dhumal KN, Saptarshi PG (2010). Introduction of conceptual model for determination of environmental water requirement for Bamdezh Wetland, Iran. International Journal of Applied Environmental Sciences. 5: 879-888.
Gorgizade A,et al.(2014).Water Quality Evaluation of Bamdezh Wetland Using Combination of NSFWQI and Geographic Information System, International journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research, Volume 2, Issue 5, 2014:1454-1467
Samantray,p, et al.(2009). Assessment of Water Quality Index in Mahanadi and Atharabanki Rivers and Taldanda Canal in Paradip Area, India, J Hum
Ecol, 26(3): 153-161