Document Type: Original Article


Ethiopia Institute of Agricultural Research, Wondo Genet Center, P.O Box 198, Shashamane, Ethiopia



Ethiopia is remarkably rich in its biological, ecological and landscape diversity and is home to outstanding natural bio-resources such as a number of herbs, aromatic and medicinal plants. The present study was carried out to study the composition, distribution and economic importance of insect pests of prioritized aromatic (Mentha sp., lemon verbena, fennel, rosemary, rosadamascene, oregano, palmarosa, lemon grass, rose scented geranium) plants between 2013 to 2015 in some growing area of Ethiopia. 10 to 20 random sample units (plants) were taken to assess pest prevalence from each of the upper, middle and lower canopy layers of the main stem. Sample pests and infected plant parts were taken and examined in Wondo Genet Agricultural Research Center. The species were later on got identified from different sources. The result showed that Agrotis sp., Dysaphsfoeniculus, Iceryapurchasi , Melanchrapicta, Papaipemanebris, Rhodobiumorosumwere the major insect pests where as Tetranychus spp., Dicyphusspp., Myzuspersicae, Odontotermesspp., Odontotermesspp., Ornithacris sp. and Ovatuscrataegariuswere minor insect pests recorded feeding of prioritizedaromatic plants. In all 12 insect species belonging to 5 orders were recorded to be associated with (8) aromatic plants in the survey area of Ethiopia. All these insect-pests were recorded in very low to very high causing damage. This study important for understanding the situation of aromatic plants insect pests that will help to eventually achieve an economically sound and efficient pests management strategy.


Main Subjects

Beemnet, M., Omarsheerif, M., Tsion, T., Solomon, A., 2010. Production, procecessing and utilization of aromatic plants, Ethiopia Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 31.
Beemnet, M., Omersherif, M., Tsion, T., Solomon, A., 2009. Production, processing and utilization of aromatic plants. Addis Ababa: EIAR.
Buckland, K., Drost, D., 2009. Mint in the garden. Utah State Cooperative Extension. Available at:
Bugg, R.L., Colfer, R.G., Chaney, W.E., Smith, H.A., Cannon, J., 2008. Flower flies (Syrphidae) and other biological control agents for aphids in vegetable crops. Oakland: Univ. Calif. Agr. Nat. Res. Publ., 8285.
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Genus Foeniculum Mill, 2015. US Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service. Retrieved 24 March.
Dereje Gorfu, Eshetu Ahmed, Abraham Tadesse, MekuriaTadesse, 2009. Disease and insect pests of aromatic, medicinal and Non-edible industrial oil bearing plants in Ethiopia. In Abraham Tadesse (ed.), Increasing crop
production through improved plant protection. Addis Ababa: Plant Protection Society of Ethiopia (PPSE), 2,462-473.
Hirt, H.M., Mpia, B., 2001. Natural medicinal in the tropics I. Tropical plants as a source of health care. Production of Medicinal and Cosmotics, Action for Natural Medicinal (ANAMED), Winnernden Germany, 159.
Joy, P.P., Baby, P.S., Samuel, M., Gracy, M., Ancy, J., 2006. Lemongrass: The fame of Cochin. India. J. Arecanut. Spic. Med. Plant., 8(2), 55-64.
Khanuja, S.P., Shasany, A.K., Pawar, A., Lal, R.K., Darokar, M.P., Naqvi, A.A., Rajkumar, S., Sundaresan, V., Lal, N., Kumar, S., 2005. Essential oil constituents and RAPD markers to establish species relationship in Cymbopogon Spreng. (Poaceae). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 33(2), 171 - 186.
Kumari, J., Verma, V., Goyal, A., Shahi, A.K., Sparoo, R., Sangwan, R.S., Qazi, G.N., 2009. Genetic diversity analysis in Cymbopogon species using DNA markers. Plant. Omic. J., 2(1), 20-29.
Margina, A., Lecheva, I., Craker, L.E., Zheljazkov, V.D., 1999. Diseases and Pests on Bulgarian Oil-Bearing Rose (Rosa Kazanlika V.T.=Rosa Damascena Mill. Var. Kazanlika). Acta Hortic. 502, 237-242 DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1999.502.38
Mishra, A.C., Negi, K.S., Shukla, H.Y., Sharma, A.K., 2009. Effect of spacing on the performance of rosemary (RosemarinusofficinalisL.) blue flowered genotype (NIC-23416) in mid hills of Uttarakhand under rain fed conditions. Natural Product Radiance, 8(5), 528-531.
Ramalho, F.S., Fernandes, F.S., Godoy, W.A.C., Pachu, J.K.S., Nascimento, R.B., Malaquias, J.B., Zanuncio, J.C., 2013.
Within plant distribution and dynamics of hyadaphis foeniculi (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in field fennel intercropped with naturally colored cotton. Florida Entomologist, 96(1), 92-103.
Rao, V.S., 2000. Principles of weed Science. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi. 427-436.
Rubatzskey, V.E., Quiros, C.F., Simon, P.W., 1999. Carrot and related vegetable umbelliferae. CABI Publishing, USA. 39-40.
Seif, A.A., Hillocks, R.J., 1999. Some factors affecting infection of citrus by Phaeoramularia angolensis. Blackwell Wissenchafts-Verlog. Berlin ISSN, 093-11785.
Shawl, A.S., Kumar, T., Chishti, N., Shabir, S., 2006. Cultivation of rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium sp.) as a cash crop in a Kashmir Valley. Asia. J. Plant. Sci., 5(4), 673-675.

Solomon Abate, Beemnet Mengesha., 2010. Bringing aromatic plants into cultivation by smallholder farmers of Ethiopia: Opportunities and challenges. Horticultural Society of Ethiopia.
Teixeira, D.M., Figueira, G.M., Sartoratto, A., Garcia, V.L., Delarmelina, C., 2005. Anticandida activity of brazilian medicinal plants. J. Ethnopharmacol., 97, 305 - 311.
Verma, R.K., Rahman, L., Verma, R.S., Kalra, A., Khanuja, S.P.S., 2011. Assessing N-use efficiency, planting time and economics of fertilizer N in rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium graveolens L. Herit) in Western Himalayan
Region of India. Afr. J. Agr. Res., 6(3), 553-559.