Document Type: Review Article


Expert Responsible Physical Upbringing Office, Technical and Vocational University, Kerman, Iran



The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between responsibility and decision-making features among female volleyball coaches in Kerman. The research was correlational. The statistical society of this study included all coaches of volleyball women in Kerman in 2014 including 400 people. According to the Morgan table, 196 people were selected by sampling method. In this research, two standard questionnaires including the Gaff Responsibility Questionnaire (1951) with a validity of 0.86 and reliability of 0.896 and Scott and Bruce (1995) questionnaire with a validity of 0.84 and reliability of 7760 had been used. To analyze the data according to the measurement scales, objectives and research questions, descriptive statistics such as frequency, frequency percent, and column charts were used. To test the hypothesis of the research, the inferential statistics of k-s test were used to normalize the data and Pearson correlation coefficient used to investigate the research hypotheses. The results of the research showed that 8.2% responsibility of female volleyball coaches were low, 14.8% average, 74.5% high and 6.2%, very high. The dominant decision making style was 37.2% rational, 27% intuitive, 13.8% dependent, 11.7% instantaneous and 10.2% avoidant. Other results of the study showed that there was a direct and significant relationship between responsibility and decision making features of female volleyball coaches in Kerman. There was also a direct and meaningful relationship between responsibility and the rational decision of female volleyball coaches in Kerman. There was a reverse and significant relationship between responsibility and dependent, spontaneous and avoidant decision-making of female volleyball coaches in Kerman. However, there was no meaningful relationship between responsibilities with the intuitive decision making of female volleyball coaches in Kerman.


Aghaei, N., 2010. Comparison of managers readiness level and staff of physical education in universities of the country and its relation with effective decision making in the organization. J. Sport Manag. Motion Detect., 12, 69-79.

Aghaei, N., Vekuse, H., Chian, H., Azar, A., Ehsani, M., 2002. Investigating the decision makers of physical education managers of universities affiliated to the ministry of science. Res. Technol. Q. J., 14, 93-98.

Amzat, I.H., Idris, D.A.R., 2012. Structural equation models of management and decision-making styles with job satisfaction of academic staff in Malaysian research university. Int. J. Educ. Manag., 26(7), 616-645.

Cereto, S.C., 1989. Principles of modern management, functions and systems. Massachusethe: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.

Cervone, H.F., 2005. Making decisions. International Digital Library Perspectives, 21(1), 31.

Choi, D.Y., Gray, E.R., 2008. Socially responsibility entrepreneurs: What do they do to create and build their companies? Bus. Horiz., 51(4), 341-352.

Francisco, J.G., Rodr, G., Yaiza del, M.A.C., 2007. Relation between social-environmental responsibility and performance in hotel firms. Int. J. Hospit. Manag., 26(4), 824-839.

Ghalavandi, H., Kabiri, A., Sultanzadeh, V., 2014. The relationship between social responsibility and teamwork of Urmia university employees. Appl. Sociol., 23(1), 111-120.

Hadizadeh Moghaddam, A., Tehrani, M., 2011. The relationship between emotional intelligence and managers decision style. Two-Monthly Journal of Daneshvar Behavior, 47, 271-283.

Hess, D., Bacigalupo, A.C., 2011. Enhancing decisions and decision-making processes through the application of emotional intelligence skills. Manag. Decis., 49(5), 710-721.

Kurdlo, M., 2008. Examination of factors affecting the responsibility of high school adolescents at home and at school. J. Psychol. Educ. Sci., School Growth, 13, 4-11.

Lizcock, B.R., 1995. Management types among male and female managers (Translated by: M. Iran Nezhad Parizi). Tehran: Modiran.

Lovane, A., 2003. The culture driver sixty of western conceptions.

Mitus, J.S., 2006. Organizational socialization from a content perspective and its effect on the affective commitment of newly hired rehabilitation counselors. J. Rehab., 72(2), 12-20.

Moradi, F., Bidokhti, A., Akbar, A., Shahriyaripour, R., 2012. Investigating the relationship between managers decision-making methods and employees' responsibility (Case study of Semnan University). Q. J. Islam. Cult., Second Year, No. 4.

Mortezaei Moghadam, Z., 2001. The effect of the philosophical minds of managers in their decision making at Ferdowsi University. Master's Thesis of Ferdowsi University.

Oliveira, A., 2007. A discussion of rational and psychological decision making model. Electron. J. Bus. Ethies Organ. Stud., 12(2), 12-13.

Pamela, C., 1996. Decisions, decisions. J. Manag. Med., 10(6), 43.

Pitts, R., 2010. Organizational socialization of physicians into a large medical group practice. Dissertation Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Philosophy, Walden University.

Ramezani, A.R., 2007. The effect of accounting information on the decisions of bank managers (Case study: Managers of Banks in East Azarbaijan Province, Zanjan and Ardebil). J. Facul. Admin. Sci. Econ. Univ. Isfahan, 19(1), 87-96.

Saadat, E., 2017. The decision making process in the organization. Tehran University.

Sa'ati Shamir, A., 2004. The investigation of the relationship between Browsensky identity styles (Informational, Normative, Confusion/Avoidance) with general health and responsibility in Tehran University students. Master's Degree in Psychology Teacher Training.

Scott, S.G., Bruce, R.A., 1995. Decision-making style: The development and assessment of a new measure. Educ. Psychol. Meas., 55(5), 818-831.

Tatum, C.B., Eberlin, R., Kottraba, C., Bradberry, T., 2003. Leadership, decision making and organization justice. J. Manag. Decis., 1007p.

Tsaie, Y.Y., 2003. A case stndy on the work values and good work. Roznet.

Vasilescu, R., Barna, C., Epure, M., Baicu, C., 2010. Developing university social responsibility: A model for the challenges of the new civil society. Procedia Soc. Behav. Sci., 2, 4177-4182.

Walker, W.J., 2009. Predicting two types of proactive socialization tactics: The roles of context, experience, and age. A Dissertation Presented to the Academic Faculty, in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Philosophy in the College of Management, Georgia Institute of Technology.

Weinz, H., Koontz, H., 2003. Management: A global perspective. International Edition, Tenth Edition, New York, 119.