Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Zoology, Govt Dr. W.W. Patankar Girls’ P.G. College, Durg, C.G., India

2 Principal.Lal Bahadur Shastri Girls College of Management, Lucknow, U.P., India

10.26655/ijabbr.2018.3.6

Abstract

The phytochemicals present in the plants are responsible for the biological activities and therapeutic properties of the various medicinal plants. They function as antioxidants in health promotion by preventing oxidant-damage which is the main cause of many diseases. The present study deals with the comparative analysis of phytochemicals in the methanolic and chloroformic leaf extracts of three important and commonly growing medicinal plants from ‘Twin - City’ (Durg & Bhilai), Chhattisgarh, India. These plants are Wedeliatrilobata, Achyranthesaspera and Chrysanthemum. The significant phytochemicals qualitatively analysed were Cardiac glycosides, Steroids, Alkaloids, Flavonoids, Terpenoids, Tannins and Saponins, for which the standard protocol was followed. The leaf extracts in methanol of Wedeliatrilobata and Chrysanthemum were found to have rich contents of phytoactive compounds as compared to their respective chloroformic extracts. Comparatively the leaf extracts of Achyranthesaspera were detected for less presence of phytochemicals. However, Cardiac glycosides, Steroids and Flavonoids were present in sufficed amounts in the leaf of Achyranthesaspera.

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