Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 M.Sc. student, Gorgan University of agricultural science and natural resource, Gorgan. Iran

2 Assistant Prof. Gorgan University of Agricultural Science and Natural Resource, Gorgan. Iran

10.26655/ijabbr.2018.6.6

Abstract

Heavy metals found in urban air with its toxic effects have a direct impact on human health. Selection of appropriate tree species and shrub refining capacity of heavy metals in urban areas can greatly reduce the toxic effects of these materials. This study aimed to identify the most suitable tree and shrub species of broadleaf evergreen, deciduous and coniferous refinement of heavy metals lead, copper and zinc in the air in both units and total leaf weight. 12 species of tree and shrub leaves in City Park in Gorgan in summer (August 2010) was sampled. Heavy elements present in the samples were prepared and measured by atomic absorption instrument. The results showed that the performance of the trees in comparison to shrubs refinement of heavy metals lead, copper and zinc were more appropriate. Among the species present for purification of Pb and Zn, refine Shiraz, Magnolia and Cypress Pine copper refinery in Shiraz were the best and Tehran and Palvnya had the best performance for copper.

Keywords

Aksoy A, ztrk M, 1997. Nerium oleander L. as a biomonitor of lead and other heavy metal pollution in Mediterranean environment, Sci. Total Environ, 205, 145-150,

Ali C, elika A, Kartal A, Yakup A, 2004. Determining the heavy metal pollution in Denizli (Turkey) by using Robinio pseudo-acacia L, Environment International 31, 105– 112.

Bazyar M, Haidari M, Shabanian N, Haidari R.H, 2013. Impact of physiographical factors on the plant species diversity in the Northern Zagros Forest (Case study, Kurdistan Province, Marivan region), Annals of Biological Research, 4 (1):317-324.

 

Beckett A, 1998. Effective tree species forlcal air quality management, Journal of Arboriculture. 26(1): 221-231.

Djingova R, Kuleff I, 1993. Monitoring of heavy metal pollution by Taraxacum officinal. Plants as Biomonitors/Indicator for Heavy Metals in the Terrestrial Environment, Markert B, VCH Publisher, Weinheim, 435-460p.

Haidari M, Shabanian N, Haidari R.H, Bazyar M, 2012. Structural diversity of oak forests in Kurdistan Province (Case study: Oak forest), IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences (IOSR-JPBS), 4(3): 37-43.

 

Haidari M, Jalilvand H, Haidari R.H, Shabanian N, 2012. Study of Plant Biodiversity in Grazed and Non-grazed Areas in the Iran-o-Turanian Ecological Zones (Case Study: Yazd Province, IRAN), Annals of Biological Research, 3 (11):5019-5027.

 

Hosseini  S.A. O, Haidari M, Shabanian N, Haidari R.H, Fathizadeh O, 2012. The impact of single selection method logging on the tree and shrub diversity in the Hyrcanian forests, European Journal of Experimental Biology, 2 (6):2229-2237.

 

Haidari M, Namiranian M, Gahramani L, Zobeiri M, Shabanian N, 2013. Study of vertical and horizontal forest structure in Northern Zagros Forest (Case study: West of Iran, Oak forest), European Journal of Experimental Biology, 3(1):268-278.

 

Khademi A, 2010. The role of deciduous tree species (sycamore and ash) in the reduction of lead pollution, Journal of Natural Resources Science and Technology, 5(1): 1-12.

Mignorance M, Rossini Oliva S, 2006. Heavy metals content in oleander leaves as urban pollution assessment, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 119: 57–68

Nowak D, Daniel E, 2006. Air pollution removal by urban trees and shrubs in United Stataes, Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 4:115-123.

Rosselli w, Keller C, 2003. Phytoextraction capacity of trees growing on a metal contaminated soil, Plant and Soil, 256.265–272.

Sengupta S, Chatterjee T, Ghosh  P. B, Sarkar  S, Saha T, 2011. Heavy metal contamination in leaves of Mangifera indica around a coal fired thermal power plant in India, Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment, 3(14),446-454.

 

Tomasevic M, Vukmirovic Z, Rajsic S, Tasic M, Stevanovic B, 2005. Characterization of trace metal particles deposited on some deciduous tree leaves in an urban area, Elsevier, V. 61, 753–760.

Zare SA, Karimi S, 2009. Principles of Urban Forestry, Publications eyelids, 202 p.