Document Type: Original Article

Author

M.Sc. Graduated, Borujerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Borujerd, Iran

10.26655/ijabbr.2017.6.5

Abstract

This study was aimed to the examination of the effect of tillage row spacing and bush spacing on the performance and components of Phaseou vulgaris var. (line: cos16). The investigation was conducted as cut terraces and in terms of complete random blocks in three replicates at Brujerd Agricultural Research and Natural Resources in the agricultural year 2009-2010. Here, the main terraces with three row spacing treatments (25, 50, & 75cm) and three density treatments of secondary terraces (30, 40, & 50 bushes/m2) were respectively shown with symbols A1, A2, A3 and B1, B2, B3. Each experimental terrace included 7 lines with 6m length and one between 2 terraces was considered as non-tillage line. After soil test, the land under study was sowed and, after disk, loader and Farozni operation, the tillage was done on 10th of May. The amount of fertilizer was applied based on soil test. To control weed, Terflan herbicide was used (2l/hec). In growth period, controlling peps was done again. At the time of harvest, the following qualities were considered: bush height, the number of secondary branches in a bush, husk length, number of husks in a bush, number of seeds in husk, biological performance, seed performance, and yield index. Test results showed that the difference between seed performance in hectare in row spacing and different bushes spacing was at %5 level of significance. And, maximum production in square area was gained at maximum spacing and the highest density (B3)

Keywords

Kuckaki, A., Banaian, M., 1993. Farming cereals, Mashhad Jahad-e Daneshgahi. Torabi Jafrudi, A., Hassanzadeh, A., Fayazbakhsh, A., 2007. The effects of tillage density on some morphophysiological traits in two phaseolus vulgaris cultivars. Journal of research and construction in farming and gardening, 74:639-646.
Baghdar, G., 2008. Arable of cereals, cereals experts, farming affairs management of Khorasan-e Razavi Province.
Majnun, Hosseini, N., 1993. Cereals in Iran. Jahad-e Daneshgahi Press, Tehran Uniersity. 
Mohammadi, G., 2001. The effect of row spacing, tillage date, and bush spacing on performance and performance components of Phaseou vulgaris var., MS thesis at Farming, Sistan-va-Baluchestan University, p90
Ghanbari, A., Taheri Mazandarni, M. 2003. The effect of tillage date and density of bush on Phaseou vulgaris var. performance, journal of seedling and seed, 19(4).
Abdi, A. 2009. Studying the effect of tillage density on performance and performance components of seed in Phaseou vulgaris var. cultivars in Brujerd, p79.
Rezazadeh, G., Farnia, A., Dari, H. R., Ghanbari, A. 2008. The effect of tillage date on the qualitative and quantitative physiological properties of bean cultivars in summer tillage in Khomein, MS thesis at Framing, Azad
University of Brujerd.
Falah, S. 2007. Studying the growth, performance and performance components of three chickpea cultivars in different densities and under two humidity levels in Khoramabad, Lorestan MS, thesis at Farming, Faculty of
Agriculture, Isfahan Industrial University.
Taleii, A.R., Pustini, K., Darvazeh Kahi, S. 2000. The effects of arranging tillage based on physiological traits of some Phaseou vulgaris var. cultivars, journal of Iran Agricultural Sciences. 31(3): 477-487.
Akadanian, A. 2008. Studying the effect of tillage date and
density on physiological traits of Phaseolus vulgaris .L cultivars growth and performance, MS thesis at Farming, Islamic Azad University, Brujerd, p90
Yasmi, H., Hatami, A., Pursia, Bidi M. 2007. Studing the effect of bush density on qualitative and quantitative qualities of bean cultivars in Eivan cold and temperate zone, MS thesis at Farming, Islamic Azad University,
Brujerd
Hashemi, Jazi, S. M. Danesh., 2003. Studying the effect of bush spacing between and over rows on the performance and performance components of Phaseou vulgaris var. cultivars. TALASH, 5(2): summer
Kahrizan, B. 2002. Studying the effect of row spacing and bush spacing on the performance and performance components of Phaseolus vulgaris L. MS thesis at Farming,, Zabol University.
Abdi, A. 2009. Studying the effect of tillage density on the performance and performance components of Phaseou vulgaris var. cultivars. In Brujerd, p79
Rosalind, A.B., Purcell, L.C., Vories, E.D., 2000. Short season soybean yield compensation in response to population and water regime Crop Sci.40:1070-1078.
Dhanjal, R., Prakash, O.M., Ahlawat I.P.S., 2001, Response of French bean (phaseoluse vulgaris L.) varieties to plant density, Ind.j.plant physiology. 46:277 – 281.
Xu C., Pierre, F.J., 1998. Dry bean and soil response to tillage and row spacing. Agron. J. 90: 393-399.
Ayaz, S., Mc Niel, D.L., Mc Kenzie, B.A., Hill. G.D., 2001. Population and sowing depth effects on yield component of grain legumes. 10th Australian Agronomy Conferenc, Hobart.
Hayat, F., Arif., M., Kakar, K.M., 2003. Efects of seed rates on mung bean varieties under dry land conditions. Int. J. Agri. Biol. 5(1): 160-161.
CSIDC (Canada-Saskatchewan irrigation Diversification Center), 2001. Optimum seeding rate and row spacing for dry bean under irrigation. 2 pp.
Stivers, R.K., Griffith, D.R., Christmas, E.P., 1971 cron performationce in Relation to row spacing, population, and hybrids on five soilsin Indiana: Agron. J, 63:580-582