Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Experimental science, Kahnouj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran

2 Master of Agricultural Management Agriculture of Jiroft, Iran

3 Faculty of Experimental science, Kahnouj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman,Iran

4 Master of Agriculture of Experimental science, Kahnouj Branch, Islamic Azad Universit

5 Faculty of computer, Kahnouj Branch, Islamic Azad University, kerman, Ira

Abstract

Peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) is one of the most important plants producing essential oil. An experiment was carried out using a randomized complete block design with 3 replications to study the effect of salinity stress on growth parameters, essential oil percent of peppermint. 4 levels of salinity solution containing 0, 50, 100 and 200 mmol NaCl was applied in irrigation plantings in a greenhouse. The results showed that salinity stress significantly affected  Stem  length,  root length, shoot wet weight, root wet weight and shoot dry weight, root dry weight, Internodes length, biomass and Essential oil percent in P < 0.05. An increase in the salinity lead to reduce in length of stem and root, fresh weight of stem and root, dry weight of stem and root, internodes length, total  biomass and essential oil percent. It is necessary to mention that peppermint did not tolerate 200 mmol NaCl and died under this condition. The highest values  of  growth parameters  and essential 1 oil percent were observed under non-salinity condition(control). Also, were increased proline with the increase of salinity( P < 0.05)

Keywords

Aziz, E.A., H. Al-Amier and L.E. Craker. ( 2008a). Influence of Salt Stress on Growth and Essential Oil Production in Peppermint, Pennyroyal and Apple Mint. Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants,
14, 77-87.
Aziz, E.A., S.T. Hendawi, E.E.D. Azza and E.A. Omer. ( 2008b). Effect of Soil Type and Irrigation Intervals on Plant Growth, Essential Oil and Constituents of Thymus vulgaris Plant. Amrican-Eurasian J. Agric. Environ. Sci,. 4(4), 443-450.
Ayers,R.S. and D.W.Westcot. (1976). Water Quality for Agriculture. Irrigation and Drainage paper
No.29.Food and Agriculture organization of the United Nations.Rome. Charles, D.J., R.J. Joly and J.E. Simon. ( 1990). Effect of Osmotic Stress on the Essential oil Content and Composition of Peppermint. Phytochemistry, 29, 2837-2840.
Cheesman, J.M. (1988). Mechanisms of Salinity Tolerance in Plants. J. Plant Physiol, 87, 547-50.
Clark, R.J. and R.C. Menary. ( 2008). Environmental Effects on Peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) Effects of Temperature on Photosynthesis, Photorespiration and Dark Respiration in Peppermint with Reference to Oil Composition. Australian J. Plant Physiol., 7(6), 693-697. Grieve, M. (1999). A Modern Herbal, Mints.
Hendawy SF, Khalid KhA. (2005). Response of sage (salvia officinalis L.) plants to zinc application under different salinity levels J Appl Sci Res, 1,147-55.
Heidari, F., S. Zehtab Salmasi, A. Javanshir, H. Aliari and M.R. Dadpoor. (2008). The Effects of Application Microelements and Plant Density on Yield and Essential oil of Peppermint (Mentha piperita L.). Iranian J. Med. Aromatic Plants, 24, 1-9.
Khammari, I., Sh. A. Saran and M. Dahmardeh. (2007). The Effect of Salinity on Seed Germination and Growth in Six Medicinal Plants. Iranian J. Med. Aromatic Plants, 23, 331-339.
Mahmoud, S.S. and R.B. Croteau. (2003). Menthofuran Regulates Essential oil Biosynthesis in Peppermint by Controlling a Downstream Monoterpene Reductase. Institute of Biological Chemistry, Washingston State University, Pullman, 100, 14481-14486.
Mansour MMF. (2000). Nitrogen containing compounds and adaptation of plants to salinity stress. Biol Plant. 43,491-500.
Munns, R. (2003). Comparative Physiology of Salt and Water Stress. Plant Cell Environ., 25, 239-50.
Muthukumarasamy M, Gupta DS, Panneerselvam R. (2000). Influence of triadimefon on the metabolism of NaCl stressed radish. Biol Plant; 43,67-72.
Niakan, M., R.A. Khavarynejad and M.B. Rezaee. (2004). Effect of Different Rates of N/P/K Fertilizer on Leaf Fresh weight, Dry Weight, Leaf area and Oil Content in Mentha piperita L. Iranian J. Med. Aromatic Plants Res., 20(2), 131-148.
Noroozi, M. (2001). Hydroponic. Publication of Mohaddes.
Olfa Baatour, R., W. Kaddour, M. Aidi Wannes and B. Lachaal Marzouk. (2009). Salt Effects on the Growth, Mineral Nutrition, Essential oil Yield and Composition of Marjoram (Origanum majorana). Acta Physiol Plant, 10,0374- 6.
Ozturk, A., A. Unlukara, A. Ipek and B. Gurbuz. ( 2004). Effects of Salt Stress and Water Deficit on Plant Growth and Essential oil Content of Lemon Balm (Melissa officialis L.). Pak. J. Bot., 36(4), 787- 792.
Razmjoo, K., P. Heydarizadeh and M.R. Sabzalian. (2008). Effect of Salinity and Drought Stresses on Growth Parameters and Essential oil Content of Matricaria chamomila. Int. J. Agri. Biol., 10, 451-4.
Rout NP, Shaw BP. (2001). Salt tolerance in aquatic macrophytes: ionic relation and interaction. Biol Plant; 55,91-5.
Safikhani, F., H. Heydari sharifabad, A. Syadat, A. Sharifi ashorabadi, M. Syednedjad and B.
Abbaszadeh. (2007). The Effect of Drought Stress on Percentage and Yield of Essential oil and Physiological Characteristics of Deracocephalum moldavica L. Iranian J. Med. Aromatic Plants, 23, 86- 99.
Tabatabaie, J. and J. Nazari. (2007). Influence of Nutrient Concentrations and NaCl Salinity on the Growth, Photosynthesis and Essential oil Content of Peppermint and Lemon Verbena. Turk J. Agric. For., 31, 245-253.
Yazdani, D., H. Jamshidi and F. Mojab. (2002). Compare of Essential oil Yield and Menthol Existent in Peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) Planted in Different Origin of Iran. Journal of Medicinal Plants of Medicinal Plant Institute of Jahad daneshgahi, 3, 73-78.
Wolf,B. (1999). The fertile triangle. Food products press. Binghampton, New York.