Chemical Constituents of the Essential Oils From the Leaves, Flowers and Seeds of TAGETS MINUTA L. bY GC/MS

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran

Abstract

Tagetes is a genus of 56 species of annual and perennial mostly herbaceous plants in the sunflower family (Asteraceae or Compositae).In this research our goal was recognizing the main components of the plant to extract useful ones. Essential oils of the leaves, seeds and flowers of Tagets minuta L., growing wild in Iran, were extracted by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC and GC-MS. Identification of the constituents of the oils was done by comparison of their mass spectra and retention indices with those given in the literature and the authentic samples. Twenty-six components were identified in the essential oils of the investigated organs. The main components extracted from the leaf oils were dihydrotageton (45.9%), cis-β-ocimene (11.9%) and borneol (11.1%), and those of the seed oils included dihydrotagetone (21.0%) and benzoic acid-4-hydroxy-methyl ester (33.5%).Also, trans-ocimenone (27.0%), cis-β-ocimene (26.0%) and cis-ocimenone (17.6%) were the major constituents in the flower oils

Keywords

Main Subjects


Adams, R.P., (2004). Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas  Mass Spectroscopy. Allured Publishing Crop; Carol Stream, IL, 61-285. chromatography/Quadruple
Chamorro, E.R., Ballerini, G., Sequeira, A.F., Velasco, G.A., Zalazar, M.F. ,(2008).Chemical composition of essential oil from Tagetes minuta L. leaves and flowers. J. Argent. Chem. Soc., 96 (1-2),80-86.
EL-Deeb, K.S., Abbas, F.A., El Fishawy, A., Mossa, S.J., (2004). Chemical composition of the essential oil of Tagetes minuta L. growing in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Pharmaceutics. J., 12(1): 51-53.
Massada, Y., (1976). Analysis of Essential oils by Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry. John Wiley & Sons Inc; New York.
Meshkatalsadat, M., Safaei-Ghomi, J., Moharramipour, S., Nasseri, M., (2010). Chemical characterization of volatile components of Tagetes minuta L. cultivated in southwest of Iran by nano scale injection. Dig. J. Nanometer. Bios, 5(1): 101-106.
Senatore, F., A-H Mohamed M., Harris, P.J.C., Henderson, J., (2004). Antibacterial activity of Tagetes minuta L. (Asteraceae) essential oils with different chemical compositions. Flavor Fragrance. J., 19: 574-
578.
Shahzadi, I., Hassan, A., W Khan, U., Maroof Shah, M., (2010). Evaluating biological activities of the seed extracts from Tagetes minuta L. found in Northern Pakistan. J. Med. Plants. Res., 420: 2108-2112.
Soule, J.A., (1996). Infrageneric systematic of Tagetes. In Proceedings of the International Compositae Conference: 1994; kew. , Edited by Hind D.J.N. and Beentje H.J., 1: 435-443.
Soule, J.A., (1993). Tagetes minuta L. A potential new herb from South America. In Proceedings of the New Crops Conference: 1993; Edited by Janick J & Simon J E 649-654 in New Crops.
Van Den Dool, H., Kratz, P.D., (1963). A generalization of the retention index system including linear temperature programmed gas-liquid partition chromatography. J. Chromatography A, 11: 463-471.