Abdi.J,2007, Investigation and the Map Supply of Desertification Intensity Based on IMDPA Model Emphasis on two Criteria Water and Soil in Abozid-Adad Region, M.Sc. thesis, University of Tehran.
Afifi.A,Gad.A.,Refat.A,2010, Use of GIS and Remote Sensing for Environmental Sensitivity Assessment of North Coastal Part, Egypt, Journal of American Science, 6,271-283.
Ahmadi, H., et al., 2004, Iranian Model of Desertification Potential Assessment, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran.
Ahmadi, H., Jafarian-Jeloodar, Z., 2004. The impact of combating desertification activities on socioeconomic condition of Kerman. Journal of Biaban, 9 (2), 207-223.
Amiraslani.F., Dragovich,D.,2011, Combating desertification in Iran over the last 50 years: An overview of changing approaches, Journal of Environmental Management ,92, 1-13.
Bauer, S., Stringer, L.C., 2009. The role of science in the global governance of desertification. The Journal of Environment Development 18 (3), 248–267.
Dawelbait, M., Morari, F., 2012, Monitoring desertification in a Savannah region in Sudan using Landsat images and spectral mixture analysis, Journal of Arid Environments, 80, 45–55.
Dregne, H.E., 1977. Desertification of arid lands, Economic Geography, 53(4), 322-331.
Ekhtesasi,M.R.,Mohajeri,S.,1996.Type and intensity of land desertification classification method (ICD), Proceedings of the Second Conference of the desert. 1374, Kerman.
Fang, L., Bai, Z.,Wei,S.,Yanfen,H.,Zongming,W.,Kaishan,S., et al.,2008, Sandy desertification change and its driving forces in western Jilin Province, North China, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 136, 379–390.
FAO/UNEP, Land Degradation Assessment in Dry land (LADA), 2001. United Nations Environment Program, Global Environment Facility, 67p.
FAO/UNEP, 1984, Provisional methodology for assessment and mapping of desertification, Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, United Nations Environmental Program, 84 p.
Ferrara,a.,Salvati,l.,Sateriano,a., Nole,a.,2012, Performance evaluation and cost assessment of a key indicator system to monitor desertification vulnerability, journal of Ecological Indicators, 23,123–129.
Fozooni.L, et al., Assessment of desertification using MEDALUS model, with emphasis on wind and water indices: "case study Sistan province, Iran",2012, Elixir International Journal, 46 ,8067-8071.
Glenna,E.,Stafford Smith,M.,Squires,V.,1998, On our failure to control desertification: implications for global change issues and a research agenda for the future, Journal of Environmental Science and Policy ,1, 71-78.
Hare, F.K., Kates, R.W.,Warren, A., 1977. The making of deserts: climate, ecology and society, Economic Geography 53 (4), 332-346.
Herrmann, S.M., Hutchinson, C.F., 2005,The changing contexts of the desertification debate, Journal of Arid Environments 63, 538-555.
Hosseini,S.M., et al., 2012,Desertification hazard zoning in Sistan Region; Iran, Journal of Geographical Sciences, 22(5), 885-894.
ISDR (UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction), 2003, Terminology: Basic terms of disaster risk risk reduction. On website at www.unisdr.org/eng/library/lib-terminology-eng.
Jafari.M, et al., 2011,Change detection and desertification based on multi-temporal satellite data (case study; kashan playa, Iran), Elixir International Journal, 39 ,4960-4963.
Jafari zadeh, 2010, Evaluation of desertification intensity using IMDPA model (case study): Molasalasy; Ahvaz), M.Sc. thesis, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, 120 p.
Khosravi,H.,2012, Monitoring of Desertification and present Early Warning Desertification System (Case Study: Kashan Region), Ph.D. thesis, Tehran University.
Khosravi,H.,2004. Application of Medalus model in Study of desertification Kashan, M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Natural Resources, Tehran University.
Li, S., Zheng, Y., Luo, P., Wang, X., 2007, Desertification in western Hainan Island, China (1959 to 2003), Land Degradation & Development 18, 473–485.
Masoudi, R.,2011, desertification early warning system based on weather and climate factors (case study: Plain Kashan), M.Sc. thesis, University of Tehran, 187 p.
Modarres,R.,da Silva,V.P.R.,2007, Rainfall trends in arid and semi-arid regions of Iran, Journal of Arid Environments,70, 344-355.
Rafei Emam,A., 2003, The Desertification Investigation of Varamin Plain Emphasis on Water and Soil Problems. Iran. M.Sc. thesis, University of Tehran.
Rasmy,M., Gad,A., H. Abdelsalam, Siwailam,M.,2010, A dynamic simulation model of desertification in Egypt, The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences, 13, 101–111.
Reisi,A.,2008, Evaluation Factors influencing the severity of desertification (desert coastal)using model IMDPA rash in Konarak, M.Sc. thesis, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, 142 p.
Salvati, L., Sateriano, A., Zitti, M., 2013, Long-term land cover changes and climate variations a countryscale approach for a new policy target, Journal of Land Use Policy, 30, 401–407.
Santini, M., 2008, A new GIS-based spatial modeling approach for desertification risk assessment in the Mediterranean area. An Italian case study: Sardinia Island, PhD thesis, University of Tuscia, Italy.
Santini,m.,Caccamo,G.,Laurenti,A.,Noce,S.,Valentini,R.,2010, A multi-component GIS framework for desertification risk assessment by an integrated index, journal of applied geography, 30,394–415.
Seifan, M., 2009, Long-term effects of anthropogenic activities on semi-arid sand dunes, Journal of Arid Environments, 73, 332–337.
Sepehr,a.,zucca,c., 2012,Ranking desertification indicators using TOPSIS algorithm, journal of natural hazard,62,1137-1153.
Sepehr.A.,2005, Quantitative assessment of desertification status using GIS and RS for the regional model, using Mdalvs, M.Sc. thesis, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Shiraz, 129 p.
Sepehr,A.,Hassanli,A. M.,Ekhtesasi, M. R.,Jamali,J. B., 2007, Quantitative assessment of desertification in south of Iran using Medalus method, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 134, 243–254.
Shakerian,N.,Zehtabian,Gh.R.,Azarnivand,H.,Khosravi,H.(2011),Evaluation of desertification intensity based on soil and water criteria in Jarghooyeh region, DESERT 16 (2011) 23-32.
Stringer, L.C., 2008. Reviewing the International Year of Deserts and Desertification 2006, Journal of Arid Environments, 72, 2065-2074.
Timothy M. Lenton, 2013, What early warning systems are there for environmental shocks?, journal of environmental science & policy, 2 7 , 6 0 –7 5.
UNCED, Convention on desertification, 3–14 June, 1992, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: United Nations Conference on Environment and Development.
Vero´n, S.R., Paruelo, J.M.,Oesterheld, M.,2006,Assessing desertification, Journal of Arid Environments , 66, 751–763.
Xiaodong.G., et al., 2013, Quantifying the synergistic effect of the precipitation and land use on sandy desertification at county level: A case study in Naiman Banner, northern China, Journal of Environmental
Management, 123, 34-41.
Yang.L,et al.,2013, roles of science in institutional changes: The case of desertification control in China, journal of environmental science and policy, 27, 32 – 54.
Sistan Plain IMDPA using Watershed Management Research (Pajouhesh & Sazandegi) ,91, 97-107.
Zucca,C.,Canu,A.,Della Peruta,R.,2006,Effects of land use and landscape on spatial distribution and morphological features of gullies in an agro pastoral area in Sardinia (Italy). Catena, 68, 87–95.
Zhang,Y.,Chen,Z. Zhu,B.,Luo,X.,Guan,Y.,Guo,S., et al., 2008, Land desertification monitoring and assessment in Yulin of Northwest China using remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS).
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 147, 327–337.
Zehtabian,G.R., Khalilpour, A., Jafari, M., 2002. Degradation of aquifers due to overexploitation of underground water in Qanavat plain, Qom province, Biaban ,7 (2), 99-119 (in Persian).
Zehtabian, G. R., Amiraslani, F., Khosravi ,H, 2006. The reapplication of MEDALUS methodology in Kashan; Iran, 14th International Soil Conservation Organization Conference, Water Management and Soil Conservation in Semi-arid Environments Marrakech, Morocco, May 14–19, 2006.