Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 M.A. Student of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Recourse, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Iran

2 Assistant of Horticulture department, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Recourse, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Iran

3 Assistant of Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Recourse, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Iran

4 Assistant of Biology Department, Faculty of biology, Islamic Azad University, Garmsar Branch, Iran

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this experiment   was to observe and study the effects of two anti-fungus essences. Methods: Thymus vulgaris and Thymus kotschyanus, against two fungi pathogens Botrytis cinerea and Rhizopus stolonifere, and the quality of strawberries after cropping. This study is performed in two assays, in vitro and in vivo.  A treatment consists: control, 200, 400, 600, 800, 1000 µl/l. Results: The results of in vitro assay showed  both essential oils had inhibitory effect  even  at  low  concentration  also  best  inhibitory  effect  occurred  at 1000 µl/l of Thymus kotschyanus for Rhizopus stolonifere. The in vivo assay showed that the strawberries groomed by the two plants essences have a higher enzymatic level of CAT and SOD. Therefore these plants essences can replace  the chemical anti-fungi  medicines  used to control the fungi related  diseases on agricultural crops due to their anti-fungus effects but still a lot more research needs to be done in order to reach a proper formulation.

Keywords

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