Anderson, R.A., 1987. Chromium in animal tissues and fluids in: Mertz W. (Ed.). Trace. Elem. Hum. Anim. Nut., Academic Press, New York.
Anderson, R.A., Bryden, N.A., Evockclover, C.M., Steele, N.C., 1997. Beneficial effects of chromium on glucose and lipid variables in control and somatotropin-treated pigs are associated with increased tissue chromium and
altered tissue copper, iron and Zinc. J. Anim. Sci., 75, 657-661.
Derya, Y., Mustafa, E., 2009. Effects of dietary organic and inorganic chromium supplementation on performance, egg shell quality and serum parameters in pharaoh quails. J. Biol. Environ. Sci., 3, 31-35.
Eren, M., Baspnar, N., 2004. Effect of dietary CrCl3 supplementation on some serum biochemical markers in broilers. Influence of season, age and sex. Revue. de Med. Vet., 155, 637-641.
Eseceli, H., Degirmencioglu, N., Bilgic, M., 2010. The effect of inclusion of chromium yeast (Co-Factor II, Alltech Inc.) and folic acid to the rations of laying hens on performance, egg quality, egg yolk cholesterol, folic acid
and chromium levels. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 9, 384-391.
Holdsworth, E.S., Neville, E., 1990. Effects of extracts of high and low chromium brewer’s yeast on metabolism of glucose by hepatocytes from rats fed on high-or lower diets. Br. J. Nut., 63, 623-628.
Hossain, S.M., Barreto, S.L., Silva, C.G., 1998. Growth performance and carcass composition of broilers fed supplemental chromium from chromium yeast. Anim. Feed. Sci. Technol., 71, 217-228.
Huseyin, E., Nurcan, D., Murat, b., 2010. The Effect of inclusion of chromium yeast(co-fator II Alltechinc) and folic Acid to the Rations of Laying Hens on performance, Egg quality, egg yolk cholesterol, folic acid and chromium
levels. J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 9, 384-391.
Jensen, L., Chang, S., Wilson, C.H., 1978. Interior egg quality: improvement by distillers’ feeds and traces elements. Poult. Sci., 57, 648-654.
Kim, J.D., Han, I.K., Chae, B.J., Lee, J.H., Park, J.H., Yang, C.J., 1997. Effects of dietary chromium picolinate on performance egg quality, serum traits and mortality rate of brown layers. Asi. Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 10, 1-7.
Lukaski, H.C., 1999. Chromium as a supplement. Ann. Rev. Nut. 19, 279-302.
NRC, 1994. Nutrient requirements of poultry.9th Rev. Edn., National Academy Press, Washington, DC., USA.
Piva, A., Meola, E., Gatta, P.P., Biagi, G.C., Mordenti, A.L., Luchansky, J.B., Silva, S., Mordenti, A., 2003. The effect of dietary supplementation with trivalent chromium on production performance of laying hens and the
chromium content in the yolk. Anim. Feed. Sci. Tech., 106, 149-163.
Sahin, K., Kucuk, O., Sahin, N., 2001. Effects of dietary chromium picolinate supplementation on performance, insulin and corticostrerone in laying hens under low ambient temperature. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nut., 85,
Sahin, K., Kucuk, O., Sahin, N., Ozbey, O., 2001. Effects of dietary chromium picolinate supplementation on egg production, egg quality and serum concentrations of insulin, corticosterone, and somemetabolites of
Japanese quails. Nut. Res., 21, 1315-1321.
Sahin, K., Ozbey, O., Onderci, M., Cikim, G., Aysondu, M.H., 2002. Chromium supplementation can alleviate negative effects of heat stress on egg production, egg quality and some serum metabolites of laying Japanese
quail. J. Nut., 132, 1265-1268.
Sahin, N., Sahin, K., Onderci, M., Gursu, M.F., Cikim, G., Vijaya, J., Kucuk, O., 2005. Chromium picolinate, rather than biotin, alleviates performance and metabolic parameters in heat-stressed quail. Br. Poult. Sci., 46, 457-
SAS software, 2001. SAS User's Guide: Statistics, Version 9.2, SAS Institute, North Carolina, USA.
Sirirat, N., Lu, J., Hung, A.T., Lien, T., 2013. Effect of different levels of Nanoparticles chromium picolinate supplementation on performance, egg quality, mineral retention and tissues minerals accumulation in layer
chicken. J. Agr. Sci., 5, 150-159.
Uyanik, F., kaya, S., kolsuz, A.H., Eren, M., 2002. The effect chromium Supplementation on egg production, egg quality and serum parameters in laying hens. Turk. J. Vet. Sci., 26, 379-387.
Yıldız, A.O., Parlat, S.S., Yazgan, O., 2004. The effects of organic chromium supplementation on production traits and some serum parameters of laying quails. Rev. Med. Vet. 155, 642-646.
Zha, L.Y., Xu, Z.R., Wang, M.Q., Gu, L.Y., 2008. Chromium nanoparticle exhibits higher absorption efficiency than chromium picolinate and chromium chloride in Caco-2 cell monolayers. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nut., 92, 131-