Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Forest Science, School of Natural Resources, University of Energy and Natural Resources, UENR P.O. Box 214, Sunyani, Ghana

2 Faculty of Forest Sciences and Forest Ecology, Georg–August–University, Busgenweg 5, Gottingen, German

3 Department of Social Forestry, Faculty of Forest Resources Technology, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Zambia



Rambutan tree (Nepheliumlappaceum L.) is an important but a lesser known fruit tree in Ghana and has several nutritional and medicinal uses. Efforts to establish plantation of Rambutan in Ghana to ensure its sustainable use is challenged with unavailable planting materials because the seeds are recalcitrant in nature, loses viability easily when exposed to dryness. Seeds are therefore sown directly after extraction from fruit, even with this, most of the seeds do not germinate. A vegetative propagation technique by marcotting was devised to produce planting materials within 3 months. Four plant species of the same physiological age and spaced 4m apart were tested in complete random design fashion. Marcots were treated with four Indole-3-Butyric Acid (IBA) concentrations (0 Mg/L, 2000 Mg/L, 4000 Mg/L and 6000 Mg/L). Data collected were analysed on number of calluses formed in marcots, survival, shoot and root formation and root length. Comparable but highest survival of marcots was recorded in the 2000 Mg/L of IBA (14.67 +0.33) representing 97.78%. Marcots with 2000 Mg/L IBA concentration recorded highest mean number of roots (8.67 +0.33) formed. Root length ranged from 33.60 +0.52 in the 6000 Mg/L to 19.77 +1.26 in the control (0 Mg/L). Marcots with no IBA recorded 9.00 +0.58 as mean number of callused marcots. It is concluded that vegetative propagation technique by marcotting can be a suitable technique for Rambutan planting materials.


Abbey, L., 2000. Notes on importance and prospects of Rambutan (Nepheliumlappaceum): A lesser known fruit crop in Ghana. Ghana. J. Agr. Sci., (ISSN0855-0042), National Science and Technology press, Accra.
Azam-Ali, S., 2003. Assessment of the current status of post-harvest handling, processing and marketing of underutilised tropical fruits in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Vietnam. International Centre for underutilised crops, University of Southampton, 100.
Bryan, B., 2001. Rambutan (Nepheliumlappaceum). Grafting experiments horticultural research, University of Puerto Rico, 45-51.
Canli, F.A., Bozkuri, S., 2009. Effects of Indolebutyric acid on adventitious root formation from semi- hardwood cuttings of “Sarierik” plum. J. Appl. Biol. Sci., 3(1), 45-48, ISSN: 1307-1130.
Davies, B.J., Carrick, J.L., Glasser, N.F., Hambrey, M.J., Smellie, P., 2011. A new glacier inventory for 2009 reveal spatial and temporal variability in glacier response to atmospheric warming in the Northern Antarctic Peninsula, 1988-2009. The Cryosphere Discuss, 5, 3541-3594.
Davies, D.T., Hassig, B.E., 1990. Chemical control of adventitious root formation in cuttings. Bull. Plant. Growth. Regul. Soc. Am., 18, 1-17.
Davies, F.T., Davis, T.D., Kester, D.E., 1994. Commercial importance of adventitious rooting to horticulture. In: Davis, T.D., Haissig, B.E., (eds.). Biology of adventitious root formation. New York: Plenum Press, 53–59.
Debnath, M., 2008. Clonal propagation and antimicrobial activity of an endemic medicinal plant stevia hebaudiana. J. Med. Plant. Res., 2(2), 045-051, ISSN: 1996-0875.
Dessalegn, Y., Reddy, Y.N., 2003. Effect of different concentrations of auxinns on rooting and root characteristics of air and ground layers of jojoba (Simmondsiachinensis) (Link) C.K. Schneider. Ethiop. J. Sci., 26(2), ISSN: 0379-2897.
Geiss, G., Gutierrez, L., Bellini, C., 2009. Adventitious root formation: New insights and perspectives, Wiley-Blackwell, 56-68.
Hartmann, H.T., Kester, F.T., Davies, D.E., Geneve, R.L., 2002. Plant Propagation: Principles and Practices, 7th ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, N.J.
Jemaa, E., Ammar, S., Bouzid, S., 2011. Impact of Indole-3-butyric acid and Indole-3-acetic acid on the lateral root growth of Arabidopsis under salt stress conditions. Aust. J. Agr. Eng., ISSN: 1836-9448.
Kesari, V., Krishnanmchari, A., Rangen, L., 2009. Effect of auxins on adventitious rooting for stem cuttings of candidates plus tree Pongamiapinnata (L) a potential biodiesel plant. Tree- structure function, 23, 597-604 DOI: 10: 1007/s00468-008-0304x
Morton, J.F., 1987. Rambutan. In J.F. Morton (Ed.), Fruits of warm climates (pp. 262e265). Miami, Florida: Julia F. Morton,
Opuni-Frimpong, E., Karnosky, D., Storer, A., Cobbinah, J., 2008. Key roles of leaves, stockplant age, and auxin concentration in vegetative propagation of two African mahoganies: Khayaanthotheca Welw and Khayaivorensis A. Chev. New For., 36, 115–123.
Patricio, H.P., Castaneto, Y.T., Vallesteros, A.P., Castarieto, E.T., 2006. Macro propagation of Shoreaguiso using stem cuttings. J. Trop. Forest. Sci., 18, 198-201.
Pauku, R.L., 2005. Domestication of indigenous fruit and nut trees for agroforestry in Solomon Islands. James Cook University;
Tchoundjeu, Z., Avana, M., Leakey, R., Simons, A., Asaah, E., Duguma, B., Bell, J., 2002. Vegetative of Prunus Africana: Effects of rooting medium, auxin concentration and leaf area. Agroforestry Systems, 54, 183-192.
Tindall, H.D., 1994. Rambutan cultivation. FAO plant production and protection food and agriculture organization of the United Nation, Paper 121. Rome, Italy.
Verheiji, E.W.M., 1991. Introduction. In: Verheij, E.W.N. and Coronel, R.E. (9eds). Edible Fruits and Nuts. Plant Resources of South East Asia No. 2 Pudoc, Wageningen: Netherlands, 15-56.
Watson, B.J., 1984. Rambutan (Nepheliumlappaceum) in Tropical Tree Fruits in Australia, Horticulture Branch, Queensland Department of Primary Industry, UK.
Zengibal, H., Ozcan, M., 2006. The effect of IBA treatments on rooting of cuttings in Kiwifruits (Actinidiadelicioba, A. chev.) (In Turkish with English Abstract), J. Fac. Agr. OMu., 21(1), 40-43.