Document Type : Original Article


Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Iran


For the current research the records of 62 farms in Isfahan province were available. To estimate genetic and phonotypic trends of reproductive traits such as age at first calving, calving interval, days open and number of insemination to conception rate the records of 63,866 cows including 167793 reproductive records were employed. Farms were covered by Vahdat industrial Agriculturists and Dairymen Cooperative of Isfahan during 1986 to 2012. Genetic parameters estimated by linear animal model using Restricted Maximum Likelihood Method (REML). Genetic and phonotype trends were estimated by using regression of average breeding values and phonotype values on calving year. Heritability of age at first calving (0.19±0.007), calving interval (0.06±0.005), days open (0.041±0.004) and number of insemination to conception (0.071±0.004) were estimated. Phonotypic trends of age at first calving, calving interval, days open, number of insemination to conception in first parity and number of insemination to conception in second parity onward were estimated to be -3.48± 1.08, -0.41±0.4, -0.42±0.2, 0.013±0.0025 and 0.031±0.01 respectively. Estimated genetic trends for age at first calving, calving interval, days open, for number of insemination to conception in first parity and number of insemination to conception in second parity onward were estimated to be 0.07±0.06, -0.56±0.5, -0.02±0.06, 0.0015±0.001 and 0.0005±0.005, respectively.


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