Document Type : Original Article
1 M. Sc. Students of Agricultural Mechanization Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
2 Associate professor, Department of Agricultural Machinery Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
3 Professors, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
The main purpose of this study is measuring and comparing of peanut harvesting loss in manual and mechanical methods in addition to economic analysis of them. Hence, a field was selected in Astaneh-Ashrafiyeh and divided to three different plots. Two plots were applied to measure mechanical harvesting loss and third one was applied for manual harvesting loss. According to test results, the lowest percentage of loss was belonged to forward speed of 1.8 km/ha and soil moisture content of 19.9%. The obtained data from these conditions were compared with manual harvesting data. T-test results showed all variables were significant, except percent of undug pods in 1% level of probability. The total percent of pods loss in manual and mechanical harvesting obtained 3.487 and 20.23%, respectively. The results showed the mechanical harvesting in relation with manual harvesting reduces harvesting costs and increases loss costs. Comparing of decreased and increased costs in mechanical harvesting revealed using of harvester increase overall loss and applying of it not recommended.
Anonymous (2013). Annual Agricultural Statistics. Ministry of Jihad-e-Agriculture of Iran. Available from: http://www.maj.ir. (In Farsi).
Arakama NK (2009). Profitability of intercropping corn with mungbean and peanut. USM R&D Journal 17(1), 65-70.
FAOSTAT (2012). Available at: http://faostat. fao.org/.
Griel EA, Eissentat B, Juturu V, Hsieh G, Kris-Etherton PM (2004). Improved Diet Quality with Peanut. Journal of the American College of Nutrition 23 (6), 660–668.
Hosseinzadeh Gashti A, Esfahani M, Asghari J, Safarzad Vishgahi MN, Rabiei B (2009). Effect of sulfur application on growth indices and yield of peanut (Arachis hypogaea). Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources 13 (48), 27-39. (In Farsi).
Hosseinzadeh Gashti A, Safarzadeh Vishekaei MN, Hosseinzadeh MH (2012). Effect of potassium and calcium application on yield, yield components and qualitative characteristics of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in Guilan province, Iran. World Applied Sciences Journal 16 (4), 540-546.
Jordan D, Beasley J, Calhoun S (2008). Agricultural practices for peanut growing and harvesting. American Peanut Council Good Management Practices.
Jordan DL, Brandenburg RL, Blake Brown A, Gary Bullen S, Roberson GT, Shew B (2013). 2013
peanut information. North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service, College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, North Carolina State University. Available from:
Kumari V, Gowda MVC, Tasiwal V, Pandey MK, Bhat RS, Mallikarjuna N, Upadhyaya HD,
Varshney RK (2014). Diversification of primary gene pool through introgression of resistance to foliar diseases from synthetic amphidiploids to cultivated groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). The Crop Journal. Available online 27 March 2014.
Mallikarjuna Swamy BP, Upadhyaya HD, Kenchana Goudar PV (2006). Characterization of Asian core-collection of groundnut for morphological traits. Indian Journal of Crop Science 1(1-2), 129-134.
Marfo KO, Denwar NN, Adu-Dapaah HK, AsafoAgyei B, Marfo KA, Adjei J, Haleegoah J (1999).
Groundnut Production in Ghana. National workshop on groundnut aflatoxins, pp 11-16.
Stalker HT (1997). Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Field Crops Research 53 (1), 205-217.
McNeill KL, Sanders TH (1996). Pod and Seed Size Relation to Maturity and In-Shell Quality Potential in Virginia-Type Peanuts. Peanut Science 23 (2), 133-137.
Nabavi-Pelesaraei A, Abdi R, Rafiee S (2013). Energy use pattern and sensitivity analysis of energy inputs and economical models for peanut production in Iran. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences 5 (19), 2193-2202.
Nautiyal PC, Bandyopadhyay A, Zala PV (2001). In situ sprouting and regulation of fresh seed dormancy in Spanish type groundnut (Arachis hypogaea). Field Crop Research 70 (3), 233-241.
Oyelade OA, Ademiluyi YS, Ozumba IC (2011). Performance evaluation of a modified tractor drawn groundnut digger/shaker for agricultural productivity. “Tillage for agriculture productivity and environmental sustainability” conference. February 21-23, Ilorin, Nigeria. Available from:
Padmanathan PK, Kathirvel K, Duraisamy VM, Manian R (2007). Influence of crop, machine and operational parameters on picking and conveying efficiency of an experimental groundnut combine. Journal of Applied Sciences Research 3 (8), 700-705.
Sanders TH, Bett KL (1995). Effect of Harvest Date on Maturity, Maturity Distribution, and Flavor of Florunner Peanuts. Peanut Science 22 (2), 124-129.
Seutra Kaba J, Ofori K, Kumaga FK (2014). Inter-Relationships of Yield and Components of Yield at Different Stages of Maturity in Three Groundnuts (Arachis hypogaea L) Varieties.
International Journal of Life Sciences Research 2 (1), 43-48.
Singh F, Oswalt DL (1995). Groundnut production practices. Skill development series no. 3.
Available from: http://www.icrisat.org/what-we-do/learning-opportunities/lsu-pdfs/sds.03.pdf
Umeh VC, Waliyar F, Traoré S, Egwurube E (1999). Soil pests of groundnut in West Africaspecies diversity, damage and estimation of yield losses. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 19 (2-3), 131-140.
Vollmann J, Rajcan I (2010). Oil crop breeding and genetics. In Oil Crops, pp 1-30. Springer New York.
Wright DL, Tillman B, Jowers E, Marois J, Ferrell JA, Katsvairo T, Whitty EB (2009). Management and cultural practices for peanuts. IFAS Extenson EDIS, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. Available from: https://www.edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/AA/AA25800.pdf
Wright FS, Porter DM (1991). Digging Date and Conservational Tillage Influence on Peanut Production. Peanut Science 18 (2), 72-75.
Young CT, Mason ME (1972). Free arginine content of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) as a measure of seed maturity. Journal of food science 37 (5), 722-725.