Document Type : Original Article


1 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Islamic Azad University, Jiroft Branch, Jiroft, Iran

2 Assistant of Plant Science, Islamic Azad University, Jiroft Branch, Jiroft, Iran

3 Department of Horticulture, Islamic Azad University, Jiroft Branch, Iran


The effects of salicylic acid (SA) and Putrescine (Put), on cut Narcissus was studied. SA (0, 100 and 200 mg l-1) and Put (0, 150 and 300 mg l-1), their combinations were tested as preservative mixture. This study was conducted in a factorial experiment with complete randomized design on 108 Narcissus cut flowers in horticulture laboratory of agriculture faculty of Islamic Azad University, jiroft branch. The recorded traits included Vase life, Microbial Count, Fresh weight changes and Solution uptake. the results shown using SA and PUT as a preservative significantly increased the vase life, Fresh weight changes, Microbial Count and Solution uptake (P≤5%). The results showed that salicylic acid and Putrescine treatments increased cut flower vase life, while descreased the Microbial Count with total delay of senescence. Maximum flower vase life was recorded in SA 100 mgl-1+PU100mgl-1 treatments. A direct relationship between vase life and, increasing of Fresh weight changes and water uptake was observed as well


Alverez, A.L (2000). Salicylic acid in machinery of hypersensitive cell death and disease resistance. Plant Mol. Biol. 44: 429–442.
Bouchereau, A., Aziz, A., Larher F and Matin-Tanguy J (1999). Polyamines and environmental challenges: Recent Development. Plant Sci., 140: 103-125.
Brent Becky, H (2001). Daffodils for North American Gardens. Bright Sky Press, Albany, TX, NY, NY. ISBN 0-9704729-7-8.
Casiro, R.A and Marton L.J (2007). Targeting polyamines metabolism and function in cancer and other hyper-proliferative diseases. Nat. Rev. Drug Disco., 6: 373-390.
Cohen, S (1998). A guide to the polyamines. Oxford University Press.
Coats, A.M (1971). Flowers and Their Histories. Tata Mc Graw Hill, London.
Dantuluri, V.S.R., Misra, R.L and Singh V.P (2008). Effect of polyamines on post harvest life of gladiolus spikes. Journal of Ornamental Horticulture, 11(1): 66-68.
Enyedi, A.J., Yalpani, N., Sliverman, P and Raskin, I (1992). Signal molecule in systemic plant resistance to pathogens and pests. Cell 70: 879–886.
Edrisi, B (2009). Payam-e-Digar Publication. pp. 150.
Fan, X., Matches J.P and Fellowman J.K (1996). Inhibition of apple fruit 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid oxides activity and respiration by acetylsalicylic acid. J Plant Physiol 149: 469-471.
Gast Karen, L.B (1997). Kansas State University (KSU).
Harper, J.R and Balke, N.E (1981). Characterization of the inhibition of K+ absorption in oats roots by salicylic acid. Plant Physiol. 68: 1349–1353.
Hayat, Q., Hayat S., Irfan, M and Ahmad, A (2009). Effect Of Exogenous Salicylic Acid Under Changing Environment: A review. Enviro. and Exp. Botany, article in press.
He, S., Joyce, D.C., Irving, D.E and Faragher, J. D (2006). Stem end blockage in cut Grevillea ‘Crimson Yul-lo’ inflorescences. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 41:78–84.
Horlock, F., Faragher, J and Jones, R (2000). Acacia Cut Flower and Foliage Production Manual. Rural Industries Research and Develop-ment Corporation, Barton, ACT, Australia No: 02,114.
Huei Kao C.H (1997). Physiological significance of stress-induced changes in polyamines in plants. Bot.Bull. Acad. Sin., 38: 141-144.
Iman Talaat, M., Bekheta, M.A and Mahgoub, M.M (2005). Physiological response of periwinkle plants (Catharanthus roseus L.) to tryptophan and putrescine. Int. J. Agric. Biol., 7: 210-213.
Jowkar, M.M (2006). Water relations and microbial proliferation in vase solutions of Narcissus tazetta L. cv. ‘Shahla-e-Shiraz’ as affected by biocide compounds. J. Hort. Sci. Biotech. 81:656–660.
Kang, G.Z., Wang, G.C and Sun, G.C (2003). Participation of H202 in enhancement of cold chilling by salicylic acid in banana seedlings. Acta Bot Sin 45: 567-573.
Kakkar, R.K and Sawhney, K.V (2002). Polyamine research in plants-a changing perspective. Physiologia Plantarum, 116(3): 281-292.
Khan, W., Prithviraj, B and Smith, D.L (2003). Photosynthetic responses of corn and soybean to foliar application of salicylates. J. Plant Physiol. 160: 485–492.
Kumar, A., Altabella, T., Taylor, M.A and Tiburcio, A.F (1997). Recent advances in polyamine research. Trends Plant Sci., 2: 124-130.
Knee, M (2000). Selection of biocides for use in floral preservatives. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 18:227-234.
Liu, J., He, S., Zhang, Z., Cao, J., Lv, P., He, S., Cheng, G and Joyce, D.C (2009). Nano-silver pulse treatments inhibit stem-end bacteria on cut gerbera cv. Ruikou flowers. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 54:59–62.
Loubaud, M and Van Doorn, W.G (2004). Wound induced and bacteria induced xylem blockage in roses,Astilbe, and Viburnum. Postharvest Biol Technol 32: 281–288.
Mahgoub, M.H., Abd El Aziz, N.G and Mazhar, M.A (2011). Response of Dahlia pinnata L plant to foliar spray with Putrescine and Thiamine on growth, flowering and photosynthetic pigments AmericanEurasian J. Agric. and Environ, Sci., 10(5): 769-775.
Macnish, A.J., Leonard, R.T and Nell T.A (2008). Treatment With Chlorine Dioxide Extends The Vase Life Of Selected Cut Flowers. Postharvest Biol. Technolo. 50: 197-207.
Popova, L., Pancheva, T and Uzunova, A (1997). Salicylic acid: properties, biosynthesis and physiological role. Bulg. J. Plant Physiol. 23: 85–93.
Redman P.B., Dole, J.M., Maness, N.O and Anderson J.A (2002). Postharvest Handling Of Nine Specialty Cut Flower Species. Sci. Hort. 92: 293-303.
Solgi M., Kafi, M., Taghavi T.S and Naderi, R (2009). Essential Oils And Silver Nanoparticles (SNP) As Novel Agents To Extend Vase-Life Of Gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii cv. ‘Dune’) flowers. Postharvest Biol.
Technol. 53: 155-158.
Srivastava, M.K and Dwivedi, U.N (2000). Delayed Ripening Of Banana Fruit By Salicylic Acid. Plant Sci. 158: 87-96.
Shirasu, K., Nakajima, A., Rajshekar, K., Dixon, R.A and Lamb, C (1997). Salicylic acid potentiates an agonist-dependent gain control that amplifies pathogen signal in the activation of defense mechanism. Plant Cell 9: 261–270.
Sood, S.H and Nagar, P.K (2003). The effect of polyamines on leaf senescence in two diverse rose species. Plant Growth Regulation, 39: 155-160.
Third, H (1976). Staff of the L.H. Bailey Hortorium, Cornell University, pp. 754–756 (Macmillan Publishing Company, NY, NY. ISBN 0-02-505470-8)
van Doorn, W.G., de Stigter, H.C.M., de Witte, Y and Boekestein, A (1991). Micro-organisms at the cut surface and in xylem vessels of rose stems: A scanning electron microscope study. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 70: 34-39.
Van Doorn W.G., Zagory D., Witte Y.D and Harkema H (1994). Effect of vase-water bacteria on the senescence of cut carnation flowers. Postharvest Biol. Technol., 1:161-168.
Van Doorn, W.G (1997a). Water relations of cut flowers. Hortic Rev 18: 1–85.
Van Meeteren, U., Arevalo-Galarza, L and Van Doorn, W.G (2006). Inhibition of water uptake after dry storage of cut flowers: role of aspired air and wound-induced processes in Chrysanthemum. Postharvest Biol Technol 41: 70–77.
Williamson, V.G., Faragher, J., Parsons, S and Franz, P (2002). Inhibiting the Postharvest Wounding Response in Wildflowers. Rural Indust Res & Dev Corp, Canberra No: 02/114.
Yalpani N., Enyedi, A.J., Leon, J and Raskin, I (1994). Ultraviolet light and ozone stimulate accumulation of salicylic acid pathogenesis related proteins and virus resistance in tobacco. Planta 19:372-376.
Zamani, S., Hadavi, E., Kazemi, M and Hekmati, J (2011). World Applied Sciences Journal., 12(11):1962-1966.
Zhang, Y., Chen, K.S., Zhang, S.L and Ferguson, I (2003). The Role Of Salicylic Acid In Postharvest Ripening Of Kiwifruit. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 28: 67-74.
Zencirkiran, M (2005). Effect of sucrose and silver thiosulphate pulsing on stem- base cracking and vase life in Leucojum aestivum L. flowers. J. of Hort. Sci. and Biotech. 80 (3): 332-334.
Zencirkiran, M (2010). Effect of 1-MCP (1-Methyl Cyclopropene) and STS (Silver thiosulphate) on the vase life of cut Freesia flowers. Scientific research and Essays. 5 (17): 2409-2412.