Review Article
Aging in Orthodox Seeds is a Problem
1. Aging in Orthodox Seeds is a Problem

Morad Shaban

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1296-1301

Abstract
  Seed deterioration is loss of seed quality, viability and vigor due to effect of adverse environmental factors. Many of our crops are reproduced through seeds, and throughout the world ...  Read More
Review Article
Cochineal (Dactylopius Coccus) as One of the Most Important Insects in Industrial Dyeing
2. Cochineal (Dactylopius Coccus) as One of the Most Important Insects in Industrial Dyeing

Hamze Esalat Nejad; Ahmad Esalat Nejad

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1302-1308

Abstract
  Cochineal is the name of both crimson or carmine dye and the cochineal insect (Dactylopius coccus), a scale insect from which the dye is derived. There are other species in the genus ...  Read More
Original Article
Effect of Irrigation and Application of Zn Fertilizer on Seed Storage Proteins of Chickpea (Cice Arietinum L.)
3. Effect of Irrigation and Application of Zn Fertilizer on Seed Storage Proteins of Chickpea (Cice Arietinum L.)

Morad Shaban

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1309-1314

Abstract
  This study was performed in order to evaluate the effects of irrigation and application of Zn fertilizer on  seed storage proteins  in chickpea, Azad cultivar. Experiment ...  Read More
Review Article
Rubia Tinctorum L. (Rubiaceae) or Madder as One of the Living Color to Dyeing Wool
4. Rubia Tinctorum L. (Rubiaceae) or Madder as One of the Living Color to Dyeing Wool

Hamze Esalat Nejad; Ahmad Esalat Nejad

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1315-1319

Abstract
  The medicinal part of Rubia tinctorum is the dried root. The small yellowishgreen flowers are in loose, leafy, long-peduncled terminal or auxiliary cymes. The margin of the calyx is ...  Read More
Review Article
The Application of New Ligands Including Different Atoms & Evaluation their Nucleophile Effects against Various Metals
5. The Application of New Ligands Including Different Atoms & Evaluation their Nucleophile Effects against Various Metals

Saman Hajmohamadi; Saeedreza Hajmohamadi

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1320-1331

Abstract
  The objectives of this experiment were to investigate the application of new ligands including different atoms & evaluation their nucleophile effects against various metals. Chemistry ...  Read More
Review Article
Reproductive Performance of Rams to Biostimulation
6. Reproductive Performance of Rams to Biostimulation

Ali Olfati; Gholamali Moghaddam; Mitra Bakhtiari

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1332-1336

Abstract
  The bio-stimulation technique offers a potentially useful and practical way for reproductive performance in rams. Reports on how bio-stimulation affects sexual potency rams are scarce: ...  Read More
Original Article
Effect of Endophytic Fungus, Piriformospora Indica, on Growth and Activity of Antioxidant Enzymes of Rice (Oryza Sativa L.) Under Salinity Stress
7. Effect of Endophytic Fungus, Piriformospora Indica, on Growth and Activity of Antioxidant Enzymes of Rice (Oryza Sativa L.) Under Salinity Stress

Ali Asghar Bagheri; Sara Saadatmand; Vahid Niknam; Taher Nejadsatari; Valiollah Babaeizad

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1337-1350

Abstract
  Abiotic stresses including salinity are the major limiting factors of growth and crop production worldwide. Microbial endophytes as the most important soil microorganisms, by modifying ...  Read More
Original Article
The Effect of Two Mandarin (Citrus reticulata) Cultivars on Peel Components and Juice Quality Parameters
8. The Effect of Two Mandarin (Citrus reticulata) Cultivars on Peel Components and Juice Quality Parameters

Behzad Babazadeh Darjazi

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1351-1363

Abstract
  Studies have shown that oxygenated compounds and TSS are important in food products. It seems that cultivars have a profound influence on these factors. The goal of the present study ...  Read More
Original Article
Synthesis of 2-Amino-4hydroxy-1H-Pyrrole-3-Carbonitrile from Glycine Under Microwave Irradiation
9. Synthesis of 2-Amino-4hydroxy-1H-Pyrrole-3-Carbonitrile from Glycine Under Microwave Irradiation

Sayed Ali Ahmadi; Meysam Maddahi

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1364-1367

Abstract
  Reaction of Glycin with Malononitrile afforded respective Pyrrole. Pyrrole is one of the heterocyclic compounds with very important biological activities. Heterocycles are extremely ...  Read More
Original Article
Effect of Seasons and Different Substrates on Growth and Reproduction of the Compost Worm Eisenia Fetida
10. Effect of Seasons and Different Substrates on Growth and Reproduction of the Compost Worm Eisenia Fetida

Vahid Beyginiya; Mahmud Khoramivafa; Farhood Yeganehpoor; Farideh Samadiyan

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1368-1376

Abstract
  The experiment was carried out in a factorial arrangement with the base of randomized complete block design in three repetitions. The first factor consisted of 11 bed for eating worm ...  Read More
Original Article
Evaluation of Maximum Light Absorption and Light Extinction Coefficient in Different Levels of Nitrogen and Wheat Cultivars
11. Evaluation of Maximum Light Absorption and Light Extinction Coefficient in Different Levels of Nitrogen and Wheat Cultivars

Farideh Samadiyan; Ali soleymani; Farhood Yeganehpoor; Vahid beyginiya

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1377-1386

Abstract
  The experimental was split plot in a randomized complete block design with three replications. In this experiment, different levels of nitrogen in the main plots included four levels ...  Read More
Review Article
Cheated Minerals in Animal Nutrition
12. Cheated Minerals in Animal Nutrition

Nematollah Dayyani; Morteza Beyki Bandar Abadi; Ahmad Amir Abadi Farhani

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1387-1391

Abstract
  Chelating is the chemical process by which a mineral (iron, cobalt, copper, zinc, and manganese) is combined with a mixture of amino acids and peptides. The resulting substances are ...  Read More
Review Article
Reproductive Performance Definition in Dairy Cattle: Affective Factors
13. Reproductive Performance Definition in Dairy Cattle: Affective Factors

Nematollah Dayyani; Keyvan Karkudi; Hasan Bakhtiari

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1392-1396

Abstract
  The reproductive performance of a dairy herd has a significant effect on the profitability of that herd. Common measures of reproductive performance are days to first service, days ...  Read More
Review Article
Special Rumen Microbiology
14. Special Rumen Microbiology

Nematollah Dayyani; Keyvan Karkudi; Abbas Zakerian

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1397-1402

Abstract
  Bacteria make up about half of the living organisms inside of the rumen. However, they do more than half of the work in the rumen. The bacteria work together. Some breakdown certain ...  Read More
Review Article
Phytate and Phytase in Poultry Nutrition
15. Phytate and Phytase in Poultry Nutrition

Nematollah Dayyani; Morteza Beyki Bandar Abadi; Ahmad Amir Abadi Farhani

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1403-1408

Abstract
  This article was retracted due to plagiarism.  Read More
Review Article
Heat Stress in Poultry: Background and Affective Factors
16. Heat Stress in Poultry: Background and Affective Factors

Nematollah Dayyani; Hasan Bakhtiari

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1409-1413

Abstract
  Heat stress and exhaustion is one of the top causes of chicken death. For those new to backyard chicken farming, it is important you learn to recognize the signs of this serious condition ...  Read More
Original Article
Parentage Tests in Khuzestan Buffaloes Populations Using Three Microsatellite Markers
17. Parentage Tests in Khuzestan Buffaloes Populations Using Three Microsatellite Markers

Homayoun Banani Rad; Jamal Fayazi; Cyrus Amirinia; Hedayatolah Roshanfekr; Hamidreza Seydabadi

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1414-1422

Abstract
  Pedigree information and phenotypic records are the key features in animal genetics and breeding. Otherwise best methods for genetic evaluation and estimation of parameters will be ...  Read More
Original Article
The Role of EGFI on Export of Agricultural Sector
18. The Role of EGFI on Export of Agricultural Sector

Shahriar Nessabian; Narjes Asadi

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1423-1430

Abstract
  The present article studies role of Iran  export insurance fund on agricultural export sector by during 1385-1391.Since activity in agricultural sector is one of the most dangerous ...  Read More
Original Article
Determination of Herpetic Keratitis Frequency Using Loop Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Method in Isfahan, Iran
19. Determination of Herpetic Keratitis Frequency Using Loop Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Method in Isfahan, Iran

Maryam Tarighati; Vajihe Karbasizade; Sharareh Moghim

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1431-1435

Abstract
  Herpetic keratitis which is resulted from herpes simplex virus type I, is considered the most common cause of corneal blindness that needs being diagnosed and treated in order to prevent ...  Read More
Original Article
Effect of Ascorbate and Gibberellin on Some Morphological Traits and Relative Water Content in Fenugreek (Trigonella Foenum Graecum L.) Under Different Levels of Salinity Stress
20. Effect of Ascorbate and Gibberellin on Some Morphological Traits and Relative Water Content in Fenugreek (Trigonella Foenum Graecum L.) Under Different Levels of Salinity Stress

Soheil A. Alizadeh; Alireza Pazoki; Hasan Habibi

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1436-1451

Abstract
  To evaluate the effect of ascorbate and gibberellin on some morphological traits and relative water content of medicinal plant fenugreek in different levels of salinity, an experiment ...  Read More
Review Article
Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention of Pregnancy Toxemia in Ewes
21. Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention of Pregnancy Toxemia in Ewes

Ali Olfati; Gholamali Moghaddam; Mitra Bakhtiari

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1452-1456

Abstract
  Thin ewes or very over-conditioned ewes and ewes carrying multiple pregnanciesare more likely to develop pregnancy toxemia (ketosis). Pregnancy toxemia is a metabolic disorder characterized ...  Read More
Original Article
Effect of Gibberellic Acid and Benzylaadenine Growth Regulators on Offsets Production of Aloe Barbadensis at Greenhouse Conditions
22. Effect of Gibberellic Acid and Benzylaadenine Growth Regulators on Offsets Production of Aloe Barbadensis at Greenhouse Conditions

Ali Salehi Sardoei; Hasan Sarhadi; Parviz rahbarian; Monir Rohany Yazdi; Mina Arbabi; Masoumeh Jahantigh

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1457-1465

Abstract
  The effect of Gibberellic Acid (GA3) and Benzyladenine (BA) on Aloe vera was evaluated at pot cultivation conditions. This study was performed in two factorial test based on complete ...  Read More
Original Article
Effect of Plant Growth Regulators on Rooting of Henna (Lawsonia Inermis L.)
23. Effect of Plant Growth Regulators on Rooting of Henna (Lawsonia Inermis L.)

Ali Salehi Sardoei; Hasan Sarhadi; Parviz rahbarian; Monir Rohany Yazdi; Mina Arbabi; Masoumeh Jahantigh

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1466-1470

Abstract
  Studies have shown that rooting substrate is one of the effective factors at rooting of hard rhizogenetic plant such as Henna. The purpose of this study is to determine an appropriate ...  Read More
Original Article
A Survey on the Histopathologic Findings in 636 Cases of Hysterectomy: a Sonographic Assessment Study
24. A Survey on the Histopathologic Findings in 636 Cases of Hysterectomy: a Sonographic Assessment Study

Nasrin Jalilian; Reza Mahmoudzadeh; Mansour Rezaei; Mitra Bakhtiari

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1471-1477

Abstract
  The present study evaluate the histopathologic findings and clinical indications in hysterectomized patients based on sonographic assessments. This study population consisted of all ...  Read More
Original Article
Modeling and Optimization of Energy Inputs and Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Eggplant Production Using Artificial Neural Network and Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm
25. Modeling and Optimization of Energy Inputs and Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Eggplant Production Using Artificial Neural Network and Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm

Ashkan Nabavi Pelesaraei; Sajjad Shaker Koohi; Mohammad Bagher Dehpour

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1478-1489

Abstract
  This paper studies the modeling and optimization of energy use and greenhouse gas emissions of eggplant production using artificial neural network and multi-objective genetic algorithm ...  Read More
Original Article
Properties of Four Local Apple Varieties from North-West of Iran and Bruise Damage of Them Related to Drop Height
26. Properties of Four Local Apple Varieties from North-West of Iran and Bruise Damage of Them Related to Drop Height

Arman Jalali; Hossein Ghaffari; Farshad Soheilifard

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1490-1504

Abstract
  One of the main factors that cause to quality loss for fresh fruit market apples is bruise damage. Amongst the factors that affect apple sensitivity to bruising, major one is drop height ...  Read More
Original Article
Study of Photoisomerization in Cis-Retinal as a Natural Photo Switch in Vision Using Density Functional Theory
27. Study of Photoisomerization in Cis-Retinal as a Natural Photo Switch in Vision Using Density Functional Theory

Seyed Mahdi Seyed Hosseini; Mohammad Agha Mohammadi; Mohsen Mousavi

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1505-1511

Abstract
  In the present study, theoretical chemical reactivates Photo isomerization in Cis-Retinal as a Natural Photo switch in Vision. DFT hybrid functional, B3LYP and, post-HF method, were ...  Read More
Original Article
Study of Cis–trans Isomerization Mechanism of [3-(3-Aminomethyl) Phenylazo] Phenyl Acetic Acid as a Causative Role in Alzheimer Using Density Functional Theory
28. Study of Cis–trans Isomerization Mechanism of [3-(3-Aminomethyl) Phenylazo] Phenyl Acetic Acid as a Causative Role in Alzheimer Using Density Functional Theory

Hamid Reza Guodarzi; Mohammad Agha Mohammadi; Mohsen Mousavi1

Volume 1, Issue 11 , Autumn 2013, Pages 1512-1517

Abstract
  Amyloid-β (Aβ) self-assembly into cross-β amyloidfibrils is implicated in a causative role in Alzheimer’s disease pathology.Uncertainties persist regarding the ...  Read More